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WIPO



E

IPC/CE/35/7

ORIGINAL: English



DATE: September 21, 2004

WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ORGANIZATION

GENEVA

special union for the international patent classification
(ipc union)


COMMITTEE OF EXPERTS

Thirty-Fifth Session

Geneva, October 25 to 29, 2004

CLASSIFICATION TOOLS RELATING TO


TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE AND BIODIVERSITY

Document prepared by the Secretariat

1 At the thirty-fourth session of the Committee of Experts of the IPC Union, held in February 2004, the WIPO Task Force on Classification of Traditional Knowledge submitted to the Committee a report which described the work carried out by the Task Force in the year 2003 (see document IPC/CE/34/8). The Committee appreciated the work done by the Task Force and noted that, upon its final adoption at the session, the revision project C 425 relating to the creation of the new main group A61K 36/00 for traditional medicine could be considered completed and the result would be available in the next edition of the IPC. The Committee agreed with the suggestion of the Task Force that a more detailed revision could be carried out at a later stage, in the course of the next IPC revision period (see document IPC/CE/34/10, paragraphs 48 to 55).


2 The Committee noted, with appreciation, that the International Bureau (IB) had prepared two surveys that appeared as Appendices to the Task Force report and agreed with the conclusion provided in the Appendices that the Task Force could use the survey as a basis when considering its work on further development of classification tools for traditional knowledge and other relevant areas and how to best organize access to traditional knowledge documentation which was in the public domain.
3 The Committee finally instructed the Task Force to continue its work on further development of classification tools for traditional knowledge and other relevant areas, and requested the Task Force to consider how the future revised IPC could be linked to traditional knowledge resources classifications which may be developed in various countries and how to best organize access to traditional knowledge documentation which was in the public domain, including the hyperlinking of the IPC to traditional knowledge databases.
4 The IB then prepared a Task Force Work Program for the year 2004 according to the instructions of the Committee. The final version of this Work Program is included as Annex I to this document and contains the following three main tasks:
– consideration of how the future revised IPC could be linked to the traditional knowledge resources classification (TKRC) developed in India and elaboration of proposals on hyperlinking of the IPC to TKRC and on the IPC-TKRC concordance list;
– consideration of the need for further development of the IPC in the fields which cover the relevant subject matter relating to biodiversity, on the basis of the survey by the IB, and prepare revision proposals if any;
– consideration of how to best organize access to traditional knowledge documentation in the public domain, including hyperlinking the IPC to traditional knowledge databases and elaboration of an initial proposal, taking into account the work done by the Meeting of International Searching Authorities (PCT/MIA) and the Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore (IGC).
5 In response to the first task mentioned above, India submitted an initial proposal on the IPC-TKRC concordance list, which had been prepared on the basis of the new main group A61K 36/00 adopted by the Committee of Experts at its thirty-fourth session. Sample pages of the concordance are attached as Annex II to this document for reference.
6 The list provides information for the searchers, who are carrying out a search in the field of traditional medicine, and are particularly interested in the traditional medicine documentation published in India, by indicating how an IPC symbol relating to a specific subject matter corresponds to a TKRC symbol concerned with the same or similar subject matter. This information will also facilitate searching in the Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) created by India, which is a TKRC-based database.
7 Further examination of the details of the proposed IPC-TKRC concordance list would be necessary and will be carried out by the Task Force members. The final version of the concordance will, upon completion by the Task Force, be posted on the WIPO website.
8 Furthermore, future consideration should also be given to the ways of hyperlinking the IPC to the TKRC-based TKDL database.
9 As has already been indicated in the survey prepared by the IB, the IGC, in the course of its activities, had compiled two TK-related inventories of periodicals and databases, and made a proposal, to be considered by the International Searching Authorities (ISAs), that certain of those periodicals be incorporated, as non-patent literature (NPL), into the PCT minimum documentation list.
10 At the request of the PCT Committee for Technical Cooperation (PCT/CTC), the PCT/MIA at its seventh session undertook to initiate a study of the composition of the PCT minimum documentation and make recommendations concerning the NPL part of the PCT minimum documentation, in particular with regard to its possible extension to TK documentation (see document PCT/MIA/7/5, paragraphs 8 to 17). The PCT/MIA agreed that such integration could significantly improve the quality of international searches in areas where TK documentation represents a rich source of information and agreed in principle that TK documentation should be included in the NPL part of the PCT minimum documentation.
11 The PCT/MIA then took the initial IGC inventory of TK-related periodicals as the starting point for its study, and decided on a set of criteria for the selection of appropriate TK periodicals for inclusion in the NPL list (see document PCT/MIA/7/5, paragraph 12).
12 As a result of discussions of the ISAs, 11 TK-related periodicals were approved for addition to the NPL list, on the basis of an analysis compiled by the IB taking into account the selection criteria and views expressed by the ISAs. The periodicals are:
Journal of Ethnopharmacology;

Journal of Chinese Medicine;

Economic Botany, Journal of the Society of Economic Botany;

Pharmaceutical Biology;

Acta Pharmaceutica;

Planta Medica;

Phytochemistry;

Journal of Nutrition;

Journal of Natural Products;

Fitoterapia;

Phytotherapy Research.
13 The work of the PCT/MIA will continue both to review the possible further extension of the NPL list of the PCT minimum documentation in the TK-related fields where appropriate and to promulgate an agreed list of recommended TK-related databases for use in the search process taking into account the IGC-produced inventory. With regard to the latter, the IB has established a PCT Minimum Documentation website, through which, ISAs could get access to an IB developed tool (TKlinks) to aid further investigation of the database sources available and their potential use.
14 The IPC is, at present, the main tool facilitating access to NPL. However, details with respect to the elaboration of certain standards for classification and retrieval of NPL, and possible use of automated classification means, for example, the IPC Categorizer, would have to be further specified in order to effectively use the IPC for those purposes.
15 The Committee is invited to take note of the contents of this document and the Annexes thereto and consider the future work of the Task Force.

[Annexes follow]




2004 WORK PROGRAM OF THE WIPO TASK FORCE
ON CLASSIFICATION OF TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE
ESTABLISHED BY THE COMMITTEE OF EXPERTS OF THE IPC UNION


At the thirty fourth session of the Committee of Experts of the IPC Union, held in February 2004, the WIPO Task Force on Classification of Traditional Knowledge, established at the thirtieth session of the Committee, submitted to the Committee a report which described the work carried out by the Task Force in the year 2003 (see document IPC/CE/34/8). The Committee appreciated the work done by the Task Force and noted that, upon its final adoption at the session, the revision project C 425 relating to the creation of the new main group A61K 36/00 for traditional medicine could be considered completed and the result would be available in the next edition of the IPC. The Committee agreed with the suggestion of the Task Force that a more detailed revision could be carried out at a later stage, in the course of the next IPC revision period (see document IPC/CE/34/10, paragraphs 48 to 55).


The Committee noted, with appreciation, that the International Bureau had prepared two surveys that appeared as Appendices to the Task Force report and agreed with the conclusion provided in the Appendices that the Task Force could use the survey as a basis when considering its work on further development of classification tools for traditional knowledge and other relevant areas and how to best organize access to traditional knowledge documentation which was in the public domain.
The Committee finally instructed the Task Force to continue its work on further development of classification tools for traditional knowledge and other relevant areas, and requested the Task Force to continue its consideration of how the future revised IPC could be linked to traditional knowledge resources classifications which may be developed in various countries and of how to best organize access to traditional knowledge documentation which was in the public domain, including the hyperlinking of the IPC to traditional knowledge databases.
The following table contains the work program of the Task Force for the time period until the end of 2004, prepared by the International Bureau. For each action, the members involved and the deadlines are indicated.



ACTION

PARTICIPANTS

DEADLINE

1. Consideration of how the future revised IPC could be linked to the traditional knowledge resources classification (TKRC) developed in India and elaboration of proposals on hyperlinking of the IPC to TKRC and on the IPC-TKRC concordance list


IN

July 1, 2004

2. Consideration of the need for further development of the IPC in the fields which cover the relevant subject matter relating to Biodiversity, on the basis of the survey by the IB, and prepare revision proposals if necessary


CN, EP, IN, JP, US

September 1, 2004

3. Consideration of how to best organize access to traditional knowledge documentation in public domain, including hyperlinking the IPC to traditional knowledge databases and elaboration of an initial proposal, taking account of the work done by the WIPO MIA and IGC



IB

September 1, 2004

4. Comments on documents prepared under item 1



CN, EP, IN, JP, US

October 1, 2004

5. Comments on the initial proposals prepared under items 2 and 3



CN, EP, IN, JP, US

November 1, 2004

6. Final proposals based on items1 to 5

IB or Rapporteur(s) (IN for item 1)


January 1, 2005

7. Preparation of a draft interim TF progress report



IB

July 30, 2004

8. Comments on the draft interim report



CN, EP, IN, JP, US

August 20, 2004

9. Preparation of an interim TF progress report to the Committee of Experts



IB

September 1, 2004

10. Consideration by the Committee of Experts






October 25 to 29, 2004

Preparation of the Task Force report to the Committee of Experts


IB

January 15, 2005

[Annex II follows]


Concordance Table Between ADOPTED IPC SYMBOLS
(A61K 36/00, Medicinal Preparations of Undetermined Constitution, DOCUMENT IPC/CE/34/10, ANNEX 2)
and TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE RESOURCES CLASSIFICATION (TKRC) Codes

Sample pages/

TABLE DE CONCORDANCE ENTRE LES SYMBOLES DE LA CIB ADOPTÉS


(A61K 36/00, PRÉPARATIONS MÉDICINALES DE CONSTITUTION INDÉTERMINÉE,

ANNEXE 2 DU DOCUMENT IPC/CE/34/10)
ET LES CODES DE LA CLASSIFICATION DES
ressources en matière de savoirs traditionnels (“TKRC”)

SPÉCIMENS DE PAGES





N

36/00

A61K 36/00

Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution

TKRC categories

TKRC Codes

Concordance

IPC codes

TKRC Codes

N

36/02

A 61 K  36/02

Algae













N

36/03

A 61 K  36/03

• Phaeophyta

(brown algae), e.g.

fucus













N

36/04

A 61 K  36/04

• Rhodophyta

(read algae), e.g.

porphyra

Gelidium amansii Lam.

A01A-1/898

A 61 K  36/04

A01A-1/898













Gelidium cartilagineum (Linn.) Gailion

A01A-1/899

A 61 K  36/04

A01A-1/899













Gracilaria lichenoides (Linn.) Harv.

A01A-1/929

A 61 K  36/04

A01A-1/929

N

36/05

A 61 K  36/05

• Chlorophyta

(green algae), e.g.

chlorella













N

36/06

A 61 K  36/06

Fungi













N

36/062

A 61 K  36/062

Ascomycota













N

36/064

A 61 K  36/064

• • • Saccharomycetales, e.g. baker’s yeast













N

36/066

A 61 K  36/066

• •

Clavicipitaceae

Claviceps purpurea (Fr.) Tul.

A01A-1/501

A 61 K  36/066

A01A-1/501

N

36/068

A 61 K  36/068

• • •

Cordyceps













N

36/07

A 61 K  36/07



Basidiomycota

e.g. Cryptococcus

Agaricus alba


A01A-1/76

A 61 K  36/07

A01A-1/76













Agaricus campestris Linn.

A01A-1/77

A 61 K  36/07

A01A-1/77













Agaricus ostreatus Fries

A01A-1/78

A 61 K  36/07

A01A-1/78













Amanita muscaria Persoon

A01A-1/132

A 61 K  36/07

A01A-1/132













Mylitta lapidescens

A01A-1/1301

A 61 K  36/07

A01A-1/1301













Tuber cibarium Pers.

A01A-1/2019

A 61 K  36/07

A01A-1/2019

N

36/074

A 61 K  36/074

• • •

Ganoderma













N

36/076

A 61 K  36/076

• • • Poria













N

36/09

A 61 K  36/09

Lichens

Cetraria islandica (Linn.) Ach.

A01A-1/449

A 61 K  36/09

A01A-1/449













Parmelia perlata (Huds.) Ach.

A01A-1/1389

A 61 K  36/09

A01A-1/1389













Usnea longissima Ach.

A01A-1/2048

A 61 K  36/09

A01A-1/2048

N

36/10

A 61 K  36/10

Bryophyta (mosses)













N

36/11

A 61 K  36/11

Filicophyta or Pteridophyta (ferns)

Equisetum arvense Linn.

A01A-1/768

A 61 K  36/11

A01A-1/768













Lycopodium clavatum Linn.

A01A-1/1203

A 61 K  36/11

A01A-1/1203













Marsilea minuta Linn.

A01A-1/1227

A 61 K  36/11

A01A-1/1227













Polyporus officianalis Fries

A01A-1/1546

A 61 K  36/11

A01A-1/1546













Selaginella involvens (Swartz) Spring

A01A-1/1764

A 61 K  36/11

A01A-1/1764













Selaginella rupestris (Linn.) Spring

A01A-1/1765

A 61 K  36/11

A01A-1/1765













Selaginella tamariscina (Beauv.) Spring

A01A-1/1766

A 61 K  36/11

A01A-1/1766













Selaginella wallichii (Hook. & Grev.) Spring

A01A-1/1767

A 61 K  36/11

A01A-1/1767













Selaginellla willdenovii (Desv. ex Poir.) J. G. Bak.

A01A-1/1768

A 61 K  36/11

A01A-1/1768

N

36/12

A 61 K  36/12

• Filicopsida or Pteridopsida

Actiniopteris dichotoma Bedd.

A01A-1/54

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/54













Adiantum aethiopicum Linn.

A01A-1/61

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/61













Adiantum capellus

A01A-1/62

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/62













Adiantum flabellulatum Linn.

A01A-1/63

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/63













Adiantum incisum Forsk. Syn. A. caudatum Linn.

A01A-1/64

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/64













Adiantum philippense Linn. Syn.: A. lunulatum Burm.f.

A01A-1/65

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/65













Asplenium adiantumnigrum Linn.

A01A-1/240

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/240













Asplenium esculentum

A01A-1/241

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/241













Asplenium falcatum Lam.

A01A-1/242

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/242













Ceratopteris thalictroides (Linn.) Brongn. Syn.: C. siliquosa (Linn.) E. Copel.

A01A-1/442

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/442













Dryopteris barbigera (Moore) Kuntze

A01A-1/730

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/730













Dryopteris filix-mas (Linn.) Schott

A01A-1/731

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/731













Dryopteris schimperiana (Hochst.) C. Chr.

A01A-1/732

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/732













Hemionitis arifolia (Burm.) Moore

A01A-1/971

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/971













Lygodium flexuosum (Linn.) Sw.

A01A-1/1204

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/1204













Nephrodium proliferum

A01A-1/1317

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/1317













Polypodium vulgare Linn.

A01A-1/1545

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/1545













Salvinia cucullata Roxb. ex Bory

A01A-1/1714

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/1714













Sphenomeris chinensis (Linn.) Maxon Syn. S. chusana (Linn.) E. Copel.

A01A-1/1843

A 61 K  36/12

A01A-1/1843

N

36/126

A 61 K  36/126

• • Drynaria

Drynaria quercifolia (Linn.) John Sm.

A01A-1/728

A 61 K  36/126

A01A-1/728

N

36/13

A 61 K  36/13

Copniferophyta(Gymnospermae)






















• Cycadaceae

Cycas beddomei Dyer

A01A-1/614

A 61 K  36/13

A01A-1/614













Cycas circinalis Linn.

A01A-1/615

A 61 K  36/13

A01A-1/615










• Taxaceae

Taxus baccata Linn.

A01A-1/1922

A 61 K  36/13

A01A-1/1922

N

36/14

A 61 K  36/14

• Cupressaceae

(Cypress family),

e.g. juniper or

cypress

Juniperus communis Linn.

A01A-1/1080

A 61 K  36/14

A01A-1/1080













Juniperus excelsa Bieb.

A01A-1/1081

A 61 K  36/14

A01A-1/1081













Juniperus macropoda Boiss.

A01A-1/1082

A 61 K  36/14

A01A-1/1082













Juniperus recurva Buch. - Ham. ex D. Don

A01A-1/1083

A 61 K  36/14

A01A-1/1083













Juniperus virginiana Linn.

A01A-1/1084

A 61 K  36/14

A01A-1/1084













Platycladus orientalis (Linn.) Franco. Syn. Thuja orientalis Linn.

A01A-1/1960

A 61 K  36/14

A01A-1/1960

N

36/15

A 61 K  36/15

• Pinaceae

(Pine family), e.g.

pine or cedar

Abies pindrow Royle

A01A-1/2

A 61 K  36/15

A01A-1/2













Abies spectabilis (D. Don) Spach Syn.: A. webbiana (D.Don) Lindl.

A01A-1/3

A 61 K  36/15

A01A-1/3













Cedrus deodara (D.Don) G.Don

A01A-1/429

A 61 K  36/15

A01A-1/429













Pinus gerardiana Wall. ex D. Don

A01A-1/1471

A 61 K  36/15

A01A-1/1471













Pinus insularis Endl. Syn. P. khasya Royle

A01A-1/1472

A 61 K  36/15

A01A-1/1472













Pinus roxburghii Sarg.

A01A-1/1473

A 61 K  36/15

A01A-1/1473













Pinus succinifera (Conw.) Schubert

A01A-1/1474

A 61 K  36/15

A01A-1/1474













Pinus wallichiana A.B. Jacks. Syn. P. excelsa Wall. ex D. Don non Lam.

A01A-1/1470

A 61 K  36/15

A01A-1/1470

N

36/16

A 61 K  36/16

Ginkgophyta, e.g. Ginkgoaceae (Ginkgo family)

Ginkgo biloba Linn.

A01A-1/909

A 61 K  36/16

A01A-1/909

N

N

36/13

36/17

A 61 K  36/17

Gnetophyta, e.g. Ephedraceae (Mormon-tea family)

Gnetum montanum Markgra f. Syn. G. scandens Roxb. p.p

A01A-1/923

A 61 K  36/17

A01A-1/923

N




A 61 K  36/17

• Ephedraceae

(Mormon-tea

family), e.g.

ephedra

Ephedra gerardiana Wall.

A01A-1/766

A 61 K  36/17

A01A-1/766













Ephedra major Host Syn. E. nebrodensis Tineo

A01A-1/767

A 61 K  36/17

A01A-1/767

N

36/18

A 61 K  36/18

Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)













N

36/185

A 61 K  36/185



Magnoliopsida,

i.e. dicotyledons






















• • Aizoaceae

Gisekia pharnaceoides Linn.

A01A-1/913

A 61 K  36/185

A01A-1/913













Glinus lotoides Linn. Syn. Mollugo hirta Thunb.

A01A-1/1275

A 61 K  36/185

A01A-1/1275

[End of Annex II and of document/



Fin de l’annexe II et du document]




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