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What is personal finance?


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Industry Research-Personal Finance
What is personal finance?
Personal finance is a study of economic factors and personal decisions that affect a person’s financial well being. It mainly focuses on how people spend, save, protect and invest.
With the medical advancement, an average person is expected to live over 80 years old. Therefore, every individual is expected to make more decisions throughout their life. And, on the other hand, there will be more factors affecting in individual’s well beings.
For example, a typical individual will think of how to spend his/her income on buying a house when he/she is 20. But, he/she will shift to plan for the education for his/her children at around 40 years old. And, he/she will save their income before retirement.
From the above example, we know that personal financial planning is a lifetime planning. And, personal financial goals change as a person progresses through life. As a result, even though 1980-1997 was the sluggish growth period in personal income, personal finance is becoming more and more important over time.
With the increase in concern for personal finance, the number of choices offered in banking, credit, investments, and retirement planning are increasing. And, these choices aim at:

  1. maximizing wealth

  2. practicing efficient consumption

  3. achieving life satisfaction

  4. maintaining financial stability

  5. preparing for retirement

And, there are several decision areas that work to achieve the above objectives. They are:



  1. career choice

  2. cash management

  3. retirement, estate planning

  4. investment management

  5. credit management

  6. tax planning

  7. effective buying

  8. insurance planning

In this short essay, we would like to introduce a big player of personal finance-HSBC.


The big player – HSBC
Background Information
The HSBC Group, one of the world's largest banking and financial services organizations, had its beginnings in Hong Kong for more than 130 years. Today, the HSBC Group has over 9,500 offices in 80 countries and territories in the Europe, the Asia-Pacific region, the United States, the Middle East and the Africa.
At the Group's core around the world are domestic commercial banking and financial services, which fund themselves and do business locally. Highly efficient technology links these operations to deliver a wide range of international products and services, adapted to local customers' needs.

Fact sheets detailing the Group's operations in Hong Kong and mainland China can be viewed at HSBC Group in the Hong Kong Special Administration Region or HSBC Group in mainland China. More countries and territories will be added over the coming months.


Personal Financial Service
1) Banking Service:

HSBC provides different services (e.g. Transfer and Payment services, Account and Credit Card services, Investment service, Insurance service, Loan service etc), through different channels such as internet, telephone, mobile phone, branches etc. Two examples are University Student Account and HSBC Premier.


i) University Student Account

The University Student Account from HSBC is designed to help university students achieve financial independence through a range of special privileges and services including free credit card, current account, university student TravelSurance and integrated protection plus. Everything is tailor-made to suit students’ financial needs.


ii) HSBC Premier

HSBC Premier is the world-class wealth management services to help customers make the most of their wealth. Services (only a few) include:

- offering world-wide access through a range of dedicated and convenient channel

- providing single banking portfolio with consolidated statement

- supporting comprehensive range of investment tools

- affording free financial planning review

- arranging extensive global services
2) Card Services:

There are different cards with different services provided for clients. Two examples are HSBC Premier and iCan card.

i) HSBC Premier

- advantages of enjoying a higher credit limit

- distinctive features embracing zero annual card fees, dining discount is given for up to 50%,

interest free repayment for up to 8 weeks, and bonus points gained from consumption, which can

be used to redeem gifts;

- extraordinary services including emergency medical assistance;

- comprehensive worldwide protection such as travel insurance

ii) iCan card

- features including the ability to determine the maximum spending limit of your virtual card account for online shopping and doubled bonus points gained from consumption;

- comprehensive worldwide protection such as purchase protection against loss, theft or damage;

- annual fees of HKD300 for the iCan Card with free virtual card account

3) Personal Credit Services:

Personal credit services provide instant answer to client’s immediate financial needs. Two of these services include Personal Installment Loan and Car Loan Extra.



  1. Personal Installment Loan

    • Loan amount can be up to HKD 600,000 or 6 times of the client’s monthly salary.

    • The higher the loan amount, the lower is the interest rate.

    • Immediate loan will be disbursed to client’s HSBC account upon approval.

    • Flexible repayment period is available from 6 to 48 months.

    • No proof of income is required if client has been maintaining a payroll account with

HSBC for the past three months


  1. Car Loan Extra

    • Borrow up to 100% of a new car's value, or 90% of a used car's value or a maximum amount up to a client’s 12months salary.

    • Long term finance is possible up to 5 years.

    • One-year free damage insurance offer.


4) Mortgage Services

Some people may prefer earlier consumption. Therefore, they need to borrow from banks. And, the HSBC is ready to provide mortgage advices and services t its clients. Advices embraces aids on application, advice on mortgage loans, referral of trusted property agents and solicitors, instant valuation of property, refinancing and overdrafts.


Repayment plans include Straight-line repayment plan, Free Choice Mortgage, Step-up Repayment Plan, Reducing Balance Plan etc. Different plan is with different loan length and loan repayment amount. For example, for Straight-line repayment plan, client needs to pay fixed payment. For Step-up Repayment Plan, client needs to pay increasing payments with a shorter loan length.
Besides, the HSBC sets up Mortgage Advice Centers and provide appointment services to help client choose a suitable mortgage plan.
5) Insurance Services

The main idea of HSBC’s personal insurance services is “Protect Yourself and your Family”. Clients can protect themselves and their family through 4 areas, i.e. Travel, Home and Motor, Accident and Health, and Life Protection.


Besides, clients can plan for their retirement or the education of their children.
The HSBC tries to make its clients satisfied through instant approval of application and the provision of insurance plans for a wide variety of products.
6) Investment Services
The main idea of HSBC’s investment services is to help its clients achieve their major goals in life through a full range of investment products (SUBID), i.e. Securities, Unit Trust, Bonds, IPOs, and Deposits.
Also, the HSBC helps its clients make their right investment choice by providing “My Life Planner”. And, through “Risk Calculator”, HSBC’s clients can be able to assess their risk tolerance and decide which investment best suits them.
7) Payment Services

HSBC’s payment services aim to bring about convenience for their clients. Its services include:



  1. Bill payment: online payment is available for over 100 bill types including utility, government, telecommunication companies through your account and credit card.

  2. Overseas Transfer: clients’ funds can be transferred all over the world through internet, which saves clients the hassle and considerable fees

  3. Local Money Transfer: clients’ funds can be transferred directly to any account in any bank in Hong Kong

  4. Auto Pay: clients’ bank account will be debited for paying bill on regularly.

In conclusion, we would like to say that the main idea of personal finance is to adjust one’s income stream to fulfill one’s needs. It seems that this idea brings us convenience. Yet, it is true only when we are rational and there is enough correct information for us to make decision. However, we are not always rational and there may not be enough information. As a result, some people may make an irrational financial decision, which makes them suffered from financial problem. In this situation, convenience becomes disaster.


From the past, in order to reduce the probability of suffering from financial problem, people tend to seek professional advice. But, the recent disgraceful act of analysts, it begins to review risk from blindly trusting professionals. In our opinion, the only effective way seems to be trying to have a doubtful mind in making financial decision.


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