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United republic of tanzania ministry of education and vocational training


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UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING

ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION STRATEGY (2010-2014)








iii


ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS iv

FOREWORD vi

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT vii

PREAMBLE ix

1.1The Country ix

1.2 The Natural Resource Base ix

1.3The Climate x

1.4The Economy xi

1.5Cultural Wealth xi

1.6Trends in Education Enrolment xi

1.7Environmental Problems and Issues in Tanzania xii

1.8Development of a Participatory Environmental Education Strategy xii

THE PERSPECTIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION xiii

2.1Definition of Environmental Education xiii

2.2Goal and Objectives of Environmental Education xiv

2.3Principles Pertaining to Environmental Education xiv

2.4Relationship Between Environmental Education and Education for Sustainable Development xv

2.5Trends of Environmental Education in Tanzania xvi

2.6Status of Environmental Education in Learning Institutions xviii

JUSTIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION STRATEGY xxiii

3.1Environmental Problems and Issues xxiii

3.2Education Policy Requirements xxv

3.3Meeting Requirements of Education for Sustainable Development and the Millennium Development Goals xxv

3.4Fitting Into Other Government Initiatives xxvi

3.5Addressing Cross-cutting Issues Through Education xxvii



THE CHALLENGES OF IMPLEMENTING ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION IN TANZANIA xxviii

4.1Inadequate Environmental Education Base and Skills xxviii

4.2Lack of Environmental Education Teaching and Learning Materials xxviii

4.3Inadequate Holistic, Relevant and Culturally-suitable Environmental Education for Local Conditions xxix

4.4Examination Pressures xxix

4.5Inadequate Resources xxix

4.6Inadequate Research and Documentation xxx

4.7Lack of Linkages Among Cross-cutting Issues xxx

4.8Low Morale among Teachers xxx

4.9The School Community Involvement in Environmental Education xxx

4.10Weak Coordination and Networking xxxi

4.11Low Priority to Environmental Issues xxxi



ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION STRATEGY AND ACTION PLAN xxxii

5.1Vision xxxii

5.2Mission xxxii

5.3Goal xxxii

5.4Objectives and Strategies xxxii

THE STRENGTHS, WEAKNESSES, OPPORTUNITIES AND THREATS (SWOT) ANALYSIS xxxv

6.1Strengths xxxv

6.2Opportunities xxxv

6.3Weaknesses xxxvi

6.4Threats xxxvi

CO-ORDINATION OF THE EE STRATEGY xxxvi

Strategies, Activities and Action Plan for the EES 30



BIBLIOGRAPHY 35

Appendix 1: Proposed practical and feasible activities for Strategy 5.2 35




ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

AE Adult Education

CBOs Community-Based Organizations

CBET Competence Based Education and Training

CEC Commission on Education and Communication

CEO Chief Education Officer

CMEAMF Conservation and Management of the Eastern Arc Mountains Forest

CSOs Civil Society Organizations

DRC Democratic Republic of Congo

ETP Education and Training Policy

EE Environmental Education

EEASA Environmental Education Association for Southern Africa

EES Environmental Education Strategy

EFA Education for All

EIA Environmental Impact Assessment

EMA Environmental Management Act, 2004

ENVITECH Environmental Technology Association

ESD Education for Sustainable Development

ESR Education for Self-Reliance

GER Enrolment Rate Gross

HIV/AIDS Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

IK Indigenous Knowledge

INFE Informal Education

IRA Institute of Resource Assessment

IUCN World Conservation Union

KIA Kilimanjaro International Airport

LSM Learning support materials

MDGs Millennium Development Goals

MKUKUTA Mkakati wa Kukuza Uchumi na Kupunguza Umaskini Tanzania

MoEC Ministry of Education and Culture

MoEVT Ministry of Education and Vocational Training

NEAP National Environmental Action Plan

NECTA National Examination Council of Tanzania

NEECS National Environmental Education and Communication Strategy

NEMC National Environment Management Council

NEP National Environmental Policy

NER Net Enrolment Rate

NFE Non-formal education

NGOs Non-governmental organizations

NSGRP National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty

OUT Open University of Tanzania

PA Protected areas

PEDP Primary Education Development Plan

REEP Regional Environmental Education Programme

SADC Southern Africa Development Community

SADC-ELMS Southern Africa Development Community-Environment and Land Management

Services

SD Sustainable Development

SEDP Secondary Education Development Plan

SUA Sokoine University of Agriculture

SWOT Strength, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats Analysis

TED Teacher Education Department

TIE Tanzania Institute of Education

TRC Teacher Resource Centre

TV Television

UN United Nations

UNCED United Nations Conference for Education and Development

UDSM University of Dar es Salaam

UNDP United Nations Development Programme

UNEP United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO United Nations Education, Science and Cultural Organization

UPE Universal Primary Education

URT United Republic of Tanzania

VET Vocational Education and Training

VTC Vocational Training College

VETA Vocational Education and Training Authority

WCST Wildlife Conservation Society of Tanzania

WSSD World Summit for Sustainable Development

WWF Wildlife Fund for Nature


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