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The marxist system economic, Political, and Social Perspectives


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THE MARXIST SYSTEM Economic, Political, and Social Perspectives

ROBERT FREEDMAN Colgate University

CHATHAM HOUSE PUBLISHERS, INC. Chatham, New Jersey

-iii-


THE MARXIST SYSTEM Economic, Political, and Social Perspectives

CHATHAM HOUSE PUBLISHERS, INC. Post Office Box One Chatham, New Jersey 07928

Copyright U? 1990 by Chatham House Publishers, Inc.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publisher.

PUBLISHER: Edward Artinian COVER DESIGN: Antler U? Baldwin Design Group Inc. PRODUCTION SUPERVISOR: Chris Kelaher COMPOSITION: Chatham Composer PRINTING AND BINDING: Banta Company

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING-IN-PUBLICATION DATA

Freedman, Robert, 1921 -

The Marxist system: economic, political, and social perspectives / Robert Freedman.

p. cm. -- (Chatham House studies in political thinking.)


Bibliography: p.
Includes index.
ISBN 0-934540-31-4

1. Marx, Karl, 1818-1883. I. Title. II. Series.

HX39-5.F67 1989

335-4Uʹ092ʹ-dc 19

86-23275

CIP


Manufactured in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

-iv-
CONTENTS







1 Introduction

1







The Appeal of Marxism

2







The Scope of Marxist Thought

5







A Positive Look at Marxism

6







The Plan of the Book

7










2 Hegel and Feuerbach

9







From Hegel to Marx

10







Hegel and the Question of Philosophy

11







Feuerbach's Contribution

13







Feuerbach Compared with Hegel

14







Marx on Hegel

15







Theses on Feuerbach

16







Summary

16










3 The Theory of Alienation

19







Hegel's Alienation and the Dialectical Process

19







Marx's Critique of Hegel

22







Marx on Alienation

23







Alienation and Political Economy

25







Summary

26










4 Economic Systems Prior to Capitalism

29







Unalienated Labor--The "Ancients"

31







The History of Alienated Labor

33







The History of Dissolution in England

36







Marx's Conclusion

37







Summary

38







5 Scientific Socialism, Socialism, and Anarchism

41







Marx's on Other Socialisms

42







Socialism: Scientific and Utopian

43







Socialism and Anarchism

46







Summary

50







-v-




6 The Materialist Conception of History

53







The Material Base of Human History

56







Further Explanations of the Materialist Conception

58







Commodity Fetishism

59







What Materialism Is and Is Not

60







Summary

61










7 The Economic Interpretation of History -- Classes

63







Social Classes

63







Political Economy and the Class System

65







The "Free Laborer"

66







The Class Struggle of the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat

67







Summary

70










8 The Superstructure

73







Ideology

73







The State

74







Religion

75







Marriage

76







Civil Liberties

78







Summary

79










9 Capitalism: Value and Price

81







The Meaning of Value

81







The Theory of Exploitation

83







Accumulation and the Falling Rate of Profit

85







Market Prices and Market Values

91







Summary

93










10 Capitalism: Crises and Breakdown

95







Capitalism and Accumulation

95







The Reserve Army of the Unemployed

96







Crises

100







Summary

105







Appendix: Capitalist Reproduction

106










11 Communism

111







Capitalism under Siege

12







Political Upheaval and Force

113







Transition

114







Communism Triumphant

117
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