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Segment outline: Sociological and psychological aspects of migration and cross-cultural transition among children and youth and the implications for social work practice Ben Gurion University of the Negev

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Segment outline: Sociological and psychological aspects of migration and cross-cultural transition among children and youth and the implications for social work practice
Ben Gurion University of the Negev


Dr. Alvin Lander

Subject area


Working hours

60 hours

Thematic description

The course provides students with abilities to use relevant sociological and psychological theories (developmental theory, family systems, traumas, psychological disorders, etc.) learnt previously in international children and youth migration issues. They will aid the students to understand the life situation of children and youth in case of migration.

Students will be aided to integrate these theories with practice theory in order to formulate beginning therapeutic interventions in the process of planned change.

The course develops students' ability to use cultural and anthropological theories and concepts (cultural structure concept, semiotic concept of culture) for communication with children, adolescents and youth from multi-ethnic groups. It will help to understand clearly origins of cultural differences and to find effective methods for solving social and socio-psychological youth problems.

Teaching schedule

6 sub-segments (introduction, conclusion and 4 cases), 4 hours for introductory and concluding sub-segments, 5 hours for each case related sub segment
Lessons 1-3: Introduction to social work practice with children and adolescents experiencing migration and cross national transition
Dallos, R. (2006). Attachment narrative therapy: Integrating narrative systemic and attachment therapies. Berkshire England: Open University Press, pp. 10-34.
LaRoche, M., & Maxie, A. (2003). Ten considerations in addressing

cultural differences in psychotherapy. Professional Psychology Research and Practice, 34, 2, 180-186.

Lessons 4-5: An immigrant adolescent from Russia: Psychological, sociological and social work perspectives
Carranza, M. (2007). Building resilience and resistance against racism and discrimination among Salvadorian female youth in Canada. Child and Family Social Work, 12, 390-398.
Costigan, C., Koryzma, C., Hua, J., & Chance, L. (2010). Ethnic identity, achievement and psychological adjustment: Examining and resilience among youth from immigrant Chinese families in Canada. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 26, 2, 264- 273.
Costigan, C., & Koryzma, C. (2011). Acculturation and adjustment among immigrant Chinese parents: Mediating role of parenting efficacy. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58, 2, 183-196.
Pine, B., & Drachman, D. (2005). Effective child welfare practice with immigrant children and their families. Child Welfare, 84, 5, 537- 562.

Lessons 6-7: The immigrant child from Ethiopia: Psychological, sociological and social work perspectives
Graham, E., & Jordan, L. (2011). Migrant parents and the psychological well being of left behind children in Southeast Asia. Journal of Marriage and Family, 73, 763-787.
Mazzucato, V., & Schans, D. (2011). Transnational families and the well being of children: Conceptual and methodological challenges. Journal of Marriage and Family, 704-712.
Orellana, M., Thorne, B., Chee, A., & Lam, W.S. E. (2001). Transnational childhoods: The participation of children in processes of family migration. Social Problems, 48, 4, 572-

Pottinger, A. (2005). Children's experience of loss by parental migration in inner city Jamaica. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 73, 4, 485-496.

Lessons 8-9: The adopted child from Africa: Psychological, sociological and social work perspectives
Angel, B., Hjern, B., & Ingleby, D. (2001). Effects of war and organized violence on children: A study of Bosnian refugees in Sweden. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 7, 1, 4-15.
Bejenaru, A., & Roth, M., (2012). Romanian adoptive families: Stressors, coping strategies and resources. Child and Youth Services Review, 34, 1317-1324.

Juffedr, F., & Tieman, W. (2009). Being adopted: Internationally adopted children's interest and feelings. Social Work, 52, 5, 635-647.
Lee, M., Lee, R., Troupe, F., & Vennum, a. (2010). Voices of foster parents of Sudanese refugee youths: Affirmations and insights. International Social Work, 53, 807-821.

Lessons 10-11: The refugee adolescent from Africa: Psychological, sociological and social work perspectives
Baolian Qin, D. (2008). Doing well vs. Feeling well: Understanding family dynamics and the psychological adjustment of Chinese immigrant adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 27, 22-35.

Bates, L., Baird, D., Johnson, D., Lee, R., Luster, T., & Rehagen, C. (2005). Sudanese refugee youth in foster care. Child Welfare, 84, 631-648.

Kohli, R. (2006). The sound of silence: Listening to what unaccompanied asylum seeking children say and do not say. British Journal of Social Work, 36, 707-721.
Kohli, R. (2006). The comfort of strangers: Social work practice with unaccompanied asylum seeking children and young people in the UK. Child and Family Social Work, 11, 1-10.

Lessons 12-13: Planned change with immigrant and transitioning children and youth: Models and perspectives. Course conclusion and student feedback
Becker-Weidman, A., & Hughes, D. (2008). Dyadic development psychotherapy: An evidence based treatment for children with complex trauma and disorders of attachment, Child and Family Social Work, 13, 329-337.
Bloch, L., & Guillory, P. (2011). The attachment frame is the thing: Emotion focused family therapy in adolescence. Journal of Couple and Relationship Therapy, 10, 229-245.
Cohen, J., Mannarino, A., & Murray, L. (2011). Trauma-focused CBT for youth who experience ongoing traumas. Child Abuse and Neglect, 35, 637-646.
Esquivel, G., Oades Ses, G., & Jarvis, M. ( 2010). Culturally sensitive narrative interventions for immigrant children and adolescents. New York: University Press of America.
Yohani, S. (2008). Creating an ecology of hope: Arts based interventions with refugee children. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 25, 309-323.

Learning outcomes

Students will be able:

  • to identify the sociological and psychological problems in a certain case

  • to choose an appropriate sociological and psychological theory

  • to apply methods of cultural analysis soft multiculturalism

  • to describe origins of cultural differences

  • to select proper methods for improving misunderstanding

  • to form temporary children teams of different cultural groups.

  • to identify cultural paradigms clash issues (isolationism, assimilation, soft and hard strategies of multiculturalism (1) and integration (2) in social pedagogy


Akpalu, D. (2007). Adoption of children and the contribution of the Osu children's home in Ghana. Children and Youth Services Review, 29, 1070-1084.

Barrie, L., & Mendes, P. (2011). The experiences of unaccompanied asylum seeking children in and leaving the out of home care system in the UK and Australia: A critical review of the literature. International Social Work, 564, 4, 485-503.
Bean, T., & Eurelings-Bontekoe, E. (2006). Factors associated with mental health service need and utilization among unaccompanied refugee adolescents. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Service Research,

33, 342-355.

Beehler, S., Birman, D., & Campbell, R. (2011). The effectiveness of cultural adjustment and trauma services (CATS): Generating practice based evidence on a comprehensive, school based mental health intervention for immigrant youth. American Journal of Community Psychology, 862-874.
Berthold, M. (2000). War traumas and community violence: Psychological, Behavioral and academic outcomes among Khmer refugee adolescents. Journal of Multicultural Social Work, 15-46.
Birman, D., Beehler, S., Harris, E., Frazier, S., Blanton, S., Fogg, L., Everson, M., Batia, K., Liautaud, J., Buwalda, J., & Cappella, E. (2008). International family, adult and child enhancement services (FACES): A community based comprehensive services model for refugee children in resettlement. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1, 121-132.
Cemlyn, S., & Briskman, L. (2003). Asylum, children's rights and social work. Child and Family Social Work, 8, 163-178.
Chase, E. (2010). Asylum and silence: Young people seeking asylum alone in the UK. British Journal of Social Work, 40, 2050-2068.
Christie, A. (2003). Unsettling the 'social' in social work: Responses to asylum seeking children in Ireland. Child and Family Social Work, 8, 223-231.
Coates, J., & McKenzie-Mohr, S. (2010). Out of the frying pan, into the fire: Trauma in the lives of homeless youth prior to and during homelessness. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 37, 4, 65-96.
Coates, D. (2010). Impact of childhood abuse: Biopsychosocial pathways through which adult mental health is compromised. Australian Social Work, 63, 4, 391-403.
Collins, J.F. (2000). Biracial Japanese American identity: An evolving process. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 6, 2, 115-133.
Denov, M. (2010). Coping with the trauma of war: Former child soldiers in post-conflict Sierra Leone. International Social Work, 53, 6, 791-806.
Dickens, J. (2009). Social policy approaches to intercountry adoption. International Social Work, 52, 5, 595-607.
Dowling, M., & Brown, G. (2009). Globalization and international adoption from China. Child and Family Social Work, 14, 352- 361.
Faulstich Orellana, M., Thorne, B., Chee, A., & Eva Lam, W.S. (2001). Transnational childhoods: The participation of children in processes of family migration. Social Problems,
Fauzi, M., Betancourt, T., Marcelin, L., Klopner, M., Munir, L., Muriel, A., Oswald, C., & Mukherjee, J. (2009). Depression and post traumatic stress disorder among Haitian immigrant students: Implications for access to mental health services and educational programming. BioMed Central Public Health, 9, 482-493. 48, 4, 572-591.
Foner, N., & Dreby, J. (2011). Relations between the generations in immigrant families. Annual Review of Sociology, 37, 545-564.
Fong, R.(2004). Overview of immigrant and refugee children and families. In R. Fong (Ed.), Culturally competent practice with immigrant and refugee children and families (pp. 1-18) New York: The Guilford Press.
Fong, R. (2004). Contexts and environments for culturally competent practice. In R. Fong (Ed.), Culturally competent practice with immigrant children and families ( pp. 60-80) New York: The Guilford Press.
Footen Bromfield, M., & Smith Rotabi, K.. (2012). Human trafficking and the Haitian child abduction attempt: Policy analysis and implications for social workers and NASW. Journal of Social Work Values and Ethics, 9, 1, 1-13.
Furato, S. (2004). Theoretical perspectives for culturally competent practice with immigrant children and families. In R. Fong (Ed.), Culturally competent practice with immigrant and refugee children and families (pp. 19-38). New York: The Guilford Press.
Garcia, B. (2009). Theory and social work practice with immigrant populations. In F. Chang-Muy and E. Congress (Eds.)., Social work with immigrants and refugees: Legal issues, clinical skills and advocacy. Pp 79-95) New York: Springer
Geel van, M., & Vedder, P. (2011). The role of family obligations and school adjustment in explaining the immigrant paradox. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40, 187-196.
Ghosh Ippen, C., Harris, W., Van Horn, P., & Lieberman, A. (2011). Traumatic and stressful events in early childhood: Can treatment help those at highest risk? Child Abuse and Neglect, 35, 501- 513.
Gibson, E. (2002). The impact of political violence: Adaptation and identity development in Bosnian adolescent refugees. Smith Studies in Social Work, 73, 1, 29-50.
Han, M., & Osterling, K. (2012). Characteristics and factors impacting reunification outcomes among Vietnamese immigrant families in the child welfare system. Children and Youth Services Review, 34, 103-111.
Hollingsworth, L.D. (2003). International adoption among families in the United States: Considerations of social justice. Social Work, 48, 2, 209-217.
Hammock, A. (2011). Identity construction through theatrical community practice. Qualitative Social Work, 10, 3, 364-380.
Han, M. (2005). Relationship among perceived parental trauma, parental attachment and sense of coherence in Southeast Asian American college students. Journal of Family Social Work, 9, 2,25-45.
Heinze, H., Hernandez Jozefowicz, & Toro, P. (2010). Taking the youth perspective: Assessment of program characteristics that promote positive development in homeless and at-risk youth. Children and Youth Services Review, 32, 1365-1372.
Hutnik, N., & Coran Street, R. (2010). Profiles of British Muslim identity: Adolescent girls in Birmingham. Journal of Adolescence, 32, 33-42.
Isralowitz, R. (2001). Toward an understanding of Russian speaking heroin addicts and drug treatment services in Israel. Journal of Social Practice in the Addictions, ½, 33-44.
Itzhaky, H., & Levy, D. (2002). Contributions of self esteem and gender to the adaptation of immigrant youth from Ethiopia: Differences between two mass immigrations. Journal of Social Work Research and Evaluation, 3, 1, 33-46.
John, A.M. (2011). Narrative play therapy with adopted children. In A.T. De Foite (Ed.), Narrative play therapy: Theory and Practice (pp. 214-229). London: Jessica Kingsley.
Kerrie, J., & MacKinnon, L. (2012). Integrating a trauma lens into a family therapy framework: Ten principles for family therapists. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 33, 3, 189-209.
Kline, P., & Mone, E. (2003). Coping with war: Three strategies employed by adolescent citizens of Sierra Leon. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 20, 5, 321-333.
Kohli, R. (2003). Promoting psychosocial wellbeing in

unaccompanied asylum seeking young people in the UK. Child and Family Social Work, 8, 201-208.

Lander, I. (2008). Using family attachment narrative therapy to heal the wounds of twinship: A case study of an 11 year old boy. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 25, 367-383.
Lander, I. (2011-2012). Motivational interviewing with immigrant Soviet parents in the Israeli child welfare system. Illinois Child Welfare, 6, 1, 1-16.
Lander, I. (2012). Incorporating forgiveness therapy in healing the complex trauma of parental incarceration. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal,29, 1, 1-19.
Lamb, M., & Bougher, L. (2009). How does migration effect mothers' and fathers' roles within their families? Reflections on some recent research. Sex Roles, 60. 611-614.
Lantz, J., & Raiz, L. (2003). Play and art in existential trauma therapy with children and their parents. Contemporary Family Therapy, 165-177.
Lin, M., Stormshak, A., & Falkenstein, C. (2011). Psychosocial adjustment and substance use of Cambodian and Vietnamese immigrant youth. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 42, 1, 104-119.
Loughry, M., & Flouri, E. (2001). The behavioral and emotional problems of former unaccompanied refugee children 3-4 years after their return to Vietnam. Child Abuse and Neglect, 25, 249-263.
McCarthy, J. (2006). A framework for healing from loss: A further integration of psychodynamic and social work theory. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 14, 3, 45-79.
McInnis, K. (1991). Ethnic sensitive work with Hmong refugee children. Child Welfare, 75, 571-580.
McKenzie-Mohr, S., Coates, J., & McLeod, H. (2012). Responding to the needs of youth who are homeless: Calling for politicized trauma-informed intervention. Children and Youth Services Review, 4, 136-143.
McPherson, J. (2011). Does narrative exposure therapy reduce PTSD in survivors of mass violence? Research on Social Work Practice, 22, 1, 29-42.
Milburn, N., Rotheram Borus, M.J., Rice, E., Mallet, S., & Rosenthal, D. (2006). Cross national variations in behavioral profiles among homeless youth. American Journal of Community Social Psychology, 37, ½, 63-76.
Morgan, P. (2010). 'Get up. Stand up.' Riding to resilience on a surfboard. Child and Family Social Work, 15, 56-65.
Morland, L., Duncan, J., Hoebing, J., Kirschke, J., Schmidt, L. (2005). Bridging refugee youth and children's services: A case study of cross service training. 84, 5, 791-812.
McCreery Bunkers, K., Groza, V., & Lauer, D. (2009). International adoption and child protection in Guatemala: A case of the tail wagging the dog. International Social Work, 52, 5, 649-660.
Michael, S. (2009). Continuities and discontinuities: Patterns of migration, adolescent immigrant girls and their family relationships. Qualitative Social Work, 8, 2, 229-247.

Mirsky, J., Slonim Nevo, V., & Rubinstein, L. (2007). Psychological wellness and distress among recent immigrants: A four year longitudinal study in Israel and Germany. International Migration, 45, 1, 151-173.

Mohanty, J., & Newhill, C. (2006). Adjustment of international adoptees: Implications and a future research agenda. Children and Youth Services Review, 28, 384-395.
Mortone, J., Munoz, L., Lahey, R., Yoder, L., & Gurewitz, S. (2011). The impact of remittances on transnational families. Journal of Poverty, 15, 444-464.
Mullett-Hume, E., Anshel, D., Guevara, V., & Cloitre, M., (2008). Cumulative trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder among children exposed to the 9/11 world trade center attack. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 78, 1, 103-108.

Nash, J., Mujanovic, E., & Winfree, L.T. (2011). Protective effects of parental monitoring on offending in victimized youth in Boznia and Herzegovia. Child and Youth Services, 32, 224-242.

Nobles, J. (2011). Parenting from abroad: Migration, nonresident father involvement and children's education in Mexico. Journal of Marriage and Family, 73, 729-746.
Noy-Sharav, D. (2002). Good enough adoptive parenting: The adoptive child and self object relations. Clinical Social Work Journal, 30, 1, 57-76.
Okitikpi, T., & Ayner, C. (2003). Social work with African refugee children and their families. Child and Family Social Work, 8, 213-228.
Perez, R., Araujo Dawson, B., & Suarez Orozco, C. (2011). Understanding acculturation depressive symptoms, and the protective role of family involvement among Latino (a) immigrant families. Journal of Family Social Work, 14, 429- 445.
Potoky-Tripodi, M. (2002). Best practices for social work with refugees and immigrants. New York: Columbia University Press. pp. 121-181, 310-355.
Price, K. (2005). Best interest of a child: An introduction to international adoptions. Social Work and Christianity, 32, 3, 248-262.
Remennick, L. (2005). Immigration, gender and psychosocial adjustment: A of 150 immigrant couples in Israel. Sex Roles, 53, 11/12, 847-863.
Robi, J., & Shaw, S. (2006). The African orphan crisis and international adoption. Social Work, 51, 3, 199-210.
Robi, J., & Ife, J. (2009). Human rights, politics and intercountry adoption: An examination of two sending countries. International Social Work, 52, 661-671.
Robi, J., & White, H. (2010). Adoption activities on the internet: A call for regulation. Social Work, 55, 3, 203-212.
Robila, M. (2011). Parental migration and children's outcomes in Romania. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 20, 326-333.
Roller White, C., O'Brien, K., Jackson, L., Havalchak, A., Phillips, C., Thomas, P., & Cabrera, J. (2008). Ethnic identity development among adolescents in foster care. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 25, 497-515.
Ruck, M., Tenenbaum, H., & Sines, J. (2007). Brief report: British adolescents' views about the rights of asylum seeking children. Journal of Adolescence, 30, 687-693.
Salloum, A., Garside, L., Irwin, C.L., Anderson, A., & Francois, A. (2009). Grief and trauma group therapy for children after Hurricane Katrina. Social Work with Groups, 32, 64-79.
Salloum, A., & Overstreet, S. (2012). Grief and trauma treatment for children after disaster: Exploring coping skills versus trauma narration. Behavior Research and Therapy, 50, 169-179.
Scarpa, A., Wilson, L., Wells, A., Patriquin, M., & Tanaka, A. (2009). Thought control strategies asmediators of trauma symptoms in young women with histories of child sexual abuse. Behavior Research and Therapy, 47, 809-813.
Schechory, M., & Ben David, S. (2010). A comparative analysis of delinquency among youth from the former Soviet Union and from Ethiopia in Israel. Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 8, 290-311.
Segal, U., & Madayas, N. (2005). Assessment of issues facing immigrant and refugee families. Child Welfare, 84, 5, 563-583.
Selman, P. (2009). The rise and fall of intercountry adoption in the 21st century. International Social Work, 52, 5, 575-594.
Shapiro, V., Shapiro, A., & Paret, I. (2001). International adoption and the formation of new family attachments. Smith College Studies in Social Work, 71, 3, 389-418.
Simsek, Z., Erol, N., Oztop, D., & Munir, K. (2007). Prevalence and predictors of emotional and behavioral problems reported by teachers among institutionally reared children and adolescents in Turkish orphanages compared with community controls. Children and Youth Services Review, 29, 883-899.
Singh, S., Lundy, M., De Haymes, M.V., & Caridad, A. (2011). Mexican immigrant families: Relating trauma and family cohesion. Journal of Poverty, 15, 427-443.
Skokauskas, N., Dunne, M., Gallogly, A., & Clark, C. (2010). Ethnic minority populations and child psychiatry services: An Irish study. Children and Youth Services Review, 32, 1242-1245.
Slonim Nevo, V., Mirsky, J., Ruberstein, L., & Nauck, B. (2007). The impact of familial and environmental factors on the adjustment of immigrants: A longitudinal study. Journal of Family Issues, 30, 1, 92-123.
Sluzki, C. (2004). House taken over by ghosts: Culture, migration and the developmental cycle of a Morrocan family invaded by hallucinations. Families, Systems and Health, 22, 3, 321-337.
Strier, R., & Roer-Strier, D. (2005). Fatherhood and immigration: Perceptions of Israeli immigrant fathers from Ethiopia and the former Soviet Union. Families in Society, 86, 1, 121-133.
Smith Rotabi, K., & Footen Broomfield, N. (2012). The decline in intercountry adoptions and new practices of global surrogacy: Global exploitation and human rights concerns. Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work, 27, 2, 129-141.
Snyder, C., May, J., Zulcic, N., & Gabbard, W. (2005). Social work with Bosnian Muslim refugee children and families: A review of the literature. Child Welfare, 84, 607-630.
Sossou, M. (2006). Mental health services for refugee women and children in Africa: A call for activism and advocacy. International Social Work, 49, 9, 9-17.
Srivastava, R, (2007). The healthcare practitioner's guide to clinical cultural competence. Toronto: Elsevier Reed.144-171.
Strand, V., Sarmiento, T., & Pasquale, L. (2005). Assessment and screening tools for trauma in children and adolescents: A review. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse, 6, 1, 55-78.
Stewart, D., & Thomson, K. (2005). The FACE YOUR FEAR club: Therapeutic group work with young children as a response to community trauma in Northern Ireland. British Journal of Social Work, 35, 105-124.
Szente, J., Hoot, J., & Taylor, D. (2006). Responding to the special needs of refugee children: Practical ideas for teachers. Early Childhood Education Journal, 34, 1, 15-20.
Tigervall, C., Hubinette, T. (2010). Adoption with complications: Conversations with adoptees and adoptive parents on everyday racism and ethnic identity. International Social Work, 53, 4, 489-509.
Vazsonyi, A., Trejos-Castillo, E., & Huang, L. (2006). Are developmental processes effected by immigration? Family processes, internalizing behaviors and externalizing behaviors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35, 799-813.
Walker, S. (2005). Towards culturally competent practice in child and adolescent mental health. International Mental Health, 48, 1, 49-62.
Wilkinson, H.S. (1995). Psycholegal process and issues in international adoption. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 23, 2, 173-183.

Wissink, I., Dekovic, M., Yagmur, S., Jan Stams, G., & de Haan, M. (2008). Ethnic identity, externalizing problem behavior, and the mediating role of self esteem among Dutch, Turkish- Dutch and Moroccan-Dutch adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 31, 223-240.

Wong, Y., Tran, K., Schwing, A., Cao, L., Phung Huang Ho, P., & Tram Nguyen, Q. (2011). Vietnamese American immigrant parents: A pilot parenting intervention. The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families, 19, 3, 314- 321.
Xu, Q. (2005). In the best interest of immigrant and refugee children: Deliberating on their unique circumstances. Child Welfare, 84, 5, 741-770.

Teaching and learning and assessment

problem-based learning

case studies

student reflection and discussion
100 percent of course mark based upon submission of portfolio of five reflections from learning group

International perspective / orientation on international student audience

Students take the case material of four children with different backgrounds (an immigrant child from Ethiopia, an immigrant adolescent from Russia, as well as a child adoptee and refugee youth from Africa) – the international nature of the issues.

The course will include e-learning part (guest lecturer will make presentation using our EL System). Reading assignments will be selected from the bibliographic resource pools presented, according to themes emergent in classroom discussion of case studies.

Learning material

Real case materials, interview section, tasks, role playing

Teaching staff

Professors from various partner universities, guest lectures

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