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Pl hip·po·pot·a·mus·es or hip·po·pot·a·mi (-m)

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6th - Grade

Powerful Practice

We have _____days until the PSSA test.

hip·po·pot·a·mus (hp-pt-ms)

n. pl. hip·po·pot·a·mus·es or hip·po·pot·a·mi (-m)

1. A large, chiefly aquatic African herbivorous mammal (Hippopotamus amphibius) having thick, dark, almost hairless skin, short legs with four toes, and a broad, wide-mouthed muzzle. Also called river horse.

2. The pygmy hippopotamus.

[Latin, from Greek hippopotamus : hippos, horse; see ekwo- in Indo-European roots + potamos, river; see pet- in Indo-European roots.]

1. What is the plural of hippopotamus? __________________________________________

  1. Which set of Guide Words would be on the page you would find hippopotamus on?

    1. Hilt/Hold c. Holder/Hooky

    2. Hooligan/Houseboat d. Help/Hip

  1. Which set of Guide Words would be found on the page containing the word History?

    1. Hilt/Hold c. Holder/Hooky

    2. H
      en·chi·la·da (nch-läd)   n.

      A tortilla rolled and stuffed usually with a mixture containing meat or cheese and served with a sauce spiced with chili.

      [American Spanish  : en-, in (from Latin in-. See en-1) + chile, chili pepper; see chili + -ada, feminine adj. suff..]

      ooligan/Houseboat d. Help/Hip

  1. What is the origin/etymology of enchilada? __________________________________

  1. Both of these words are examples of which part of speech?

    1. Verb c. Noun

    2. Adjective d. Conjunctions

  1. W
    al·ly (-l, l) v. al·lied, al·ly·ing, al·lies

    1. To place in a friendly association, as by treaty: Italy allied itself with Germany during World War II.

    2. To unite or connect in a personal relationship, as in friendship or marriage.


    To enter into an alliance: Several tribes allied to fend off the invaders.

    n. pl. al·lies

    1. One that is allied with another, especially by treaty: entered the war as an ally of France.

    2. One in helpful association with another: legislators who are allies on most issues. See Synonyms at partner.

    3. Allies

    a. The nations allied against the Central Powers of Europe during World War I. They were Russia, France, Great Britain, and later many others, including the United States.

    b. The nations, primarily Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States, allied against the Axis during World War II.

    [Middle English allien, from Old French alier, from Latin alligre, to bind to; see alloy.]

    hat is the plural of ally? _________________________________________

  1. Which set of Guide Words would be on the page containing the word ally?

a. Albino/Alkali c. All/Also

b. Along/Among d. Another/Any

  1. Which of these origins is not listed for the word ally?

    1. English c. French

    2. Greek d. Latin

  1. The word ally is used as which part of speech in this sentence “The legislator allied himself with several other senators in order to get his bill passed.”

    1. Noun c. Verb

    2. Adjective d. Plural Noun

  1. Write a sentence that uses the word ally or a form of the word as noun.

mer·cy (mûrs) n. pl. mer·cies

1. Compassionate treatment, especially of those under one's power; clemency.

2. A disposition to be kind and forgiving: a heart full of mercy.

3. Something for which to be thankful; a blessing: It was a mercy that no one was hurt.

4. Alleviation of distress; relief: Taking in the refugees was an act of mercy.

Idiom: at the mercy of

Without any protection against; helpless before: drifting in an open boat, at the mercy of the elements.

[Middle English, from Old French merci, from Medieval Latin mercs, from Latin, reward.]

. What is the plural of mercy? Use it in an original sentence. _______________________


  1. Which set of Guide Words would be on the page containing the word mercy?

    1. Merry/Mire c. Mellow/Men

    2. Marry/Merely d. Mention/Menu

3. What is the original source of the word mercy? ________________________________



mercy - leniency and compassion shown toward offenders by a person or agency charged with administering justice; "he threw himself on the mercy of the court"

clemency, mercifulness


mercy - a disposition to be kind and forgiving; "in those days a wife had to depend on the mercifulness of her husband"



mercy - the feeling that motivates compassion


4. Which meaning of mercy is used in these two sentences?

  1. Just before his brother threw the snowball, the little boy begged for mercy. _____

  2. The king chose to be merciful to the beggars and let them go. _____

vol·ca·no (vl-kn) n. pl. vol·ca·noes or vol·ca·nos


a. An opening in the earth's crust through which molten lava, ash, and gases are ejected.

b. A similar opening on the surface of another planet.

2. A mountain formed by the materials ejected from a volcano.

[Italian, from Spanish volcán or Portuguese volcão, both probably from Latin volcnus, vulcnus, fire, flames, from Volcnus, Vulcan.]

1. What is the original source of volcano? _______________How do you know?


  1. Which meaning of volcano is used in this sentence “Great stones were thrown up as from a volcano, some of them, great masses of hard stone” – Bram Stoker?

    1. 1a c. 1b

    2. 2 d. None of the Above

Which set of Guide Words would be on the page containing each of these words?
3. Hoax ________ 4. Hives ______
a. Hilt/Hold b. Holder/Hooky c. Hooligan/Houseboat d.Help/Hip

e·mu (my) n.

A large, flightless Australian bird (Dromiceius novaehollandiae) related to and resembling the ostrich and the cassowary.

[Portuguese ema, rhea.]

5. What is the origin of the word emu? ____________________________________

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