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Names: Rally for the greenery at The Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew


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Names: ..........................................................................................................................
Rally for the greenery at The Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew
Introduction
Throughout its history, the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew has made important contributions to increasing the understanding of the plant kingdom with many benefits for mankind.
Today it is still first and foremost a scientific institution. With its collections of living and preserved plants, of plant products and botanical information, it forms an encyclopaedia of knowledge about the plant kingdom.
Rally
Post one: The Palm House
1) How is the collection of palms presented inside the Palm House?



History and design
Experts consider Kew’s Palm House as the most important surviving Victorian iron and glass structure in the world. It was designed to accommodate the exotic palms being collected and introduced to Europe in early Victorian times. The project was pioneering, as it was the first time engineers had used wrought iron to span such large widths without supporting columns. This technique was borrowed from the shipbuilding industry; from a distance the glasshouse resembles an upturned hull. The result was a vast, light, lofty space that could easily accommodate the crowns of large palms.
Heating was an important element of the glasshouse’s design, as tropical palms need a warm, moist environment to thrive. Originally, basement boilers sent heat into the glasshouse via water pipes running beneath iron gratings in the floor.
http://www.kew.org/visit-kew-gardens/garden-attractions-A-Z/Palm-House.htm

2) What is the past utility of the italian campanile?


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Post two: The complex of the Princess of Wales Conservatory
Historical information
The Princess of Wales Conservatory was commissioned in 1982 to replace a group of 26 smaller buildings that were falling into disrepair. It was named after Princess Augusta, founder of Kew, and opened in 1987 by Diana, Princess of Wales. It is the most complex conservatory at Kew, containing ten computer-controlled climatic zones under one roof.
http://www.kew.org/visit-kew-gardens/garden-attractions-A-Z/Princess-of-Wales-Conservatory.htm
1) Which plant is behind the name “Swiss cheese plant”?


  • Euryale ferox

  • Geranium madarense

  • Monstera deliciosa

2) What is a Lithops?


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Post three: The Orangery Restaurant.
1) In front the Orangery Restaurant, a very special tree is planted, which was thought to have been extinct for two million years until 1994 when New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Officer David Noble came across a cluster of unusual trees in a rainforest gorge within the Wollemi National Park in Australia’s Blue Mountains. What is the name of this tree?


  • Wollemia nobilis

  • Araucaria araucana

  • Gingko biloba


Post four: Kew Palace.
1) Which blind and mad king lived in Kew Palace?
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Post five: the Rodendron Dell.

It is the most wonderful blossoming period of this species of plant. Don't miss it!
1) Find a latin name of a Himalayan Rhododendron?
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Post six: the Rhizotron and Xstrata Treetop Walkway.

This new attraction at Kew was inaugurated in 2008 on International Biodiversity Day.


1) How much carbon does a 70-year-old tree release in the environment when it dies?
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2) How much water does a large broad-leafed tree need to drink every hour on a hot summer afternoon?
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Post seven: Japanese landscape

A Japanese landscape was designed to complement the Japanese Gateway.
1) The Landscape comprises three garden areas : the garden of peace, the garden of activity and the garden of harmony. What features do Japanese gardens have?


  • there are many flowers.

  • a large place is given to stones and other mineral matters.

  • tea plants are very important.



Don’t forget
A granite block, inscribed with a haiku, was presented to Kew in 1979. It now forms part of the Japanese Landscape. A haiku is a poem comprising 17 Japanese characters or sounds. The haiku was composed at Kew in 1936 by Kyoshi Takahama, one of Japan’s most gifted haiku poets. It reads:
Even Sparrows

Freed from all fear of man

England in Spring.

http://www.kew.org/visit-kew-gardens/garden-attractions-A-Z/Temperate-House.htm



Post eight: The Pagoda

The Pagode was completed in 1762, when chinoiserie was in fashion in Europe.
1) How mean floors does the octogonal structure of nearly 50 m have?
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Post nine: The Evolution House.
1) What sort of plants emerged at the Carboniferous period, 354 to 290 million years ago?


  • flowering plants pollinated by beetles.

  • conifers, cycads and ferns.

  • kinds of giant horsetails and mosses.

2) What kind of rock was formed by the plants of the Carboniferous?


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Post ten: The Temperate House

The Temperate House is the largest surviving Victorian glasshouse in the world, covering 4,880 square metres (5,850 square yards) and extending to 19 metres (63 feet) high.
1) Inside the Temperate House, you can see the Chilean Wine Palm, which is the palm with largest stip (trunk) in the world. When it was last measured in 1985, it was 17.6 metres (58 feet) high and is still slowly growing today. What is its name in latin, the language of botanists?
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Hystory of the Temperate house
Kew director Sir William Hooker commissioned Decimus Burton to begin work on the glasshouse in 1859. With voracious Victorian collectors bringing back ever more species from around the globe, Kew needed somewhere to house its growing collection of semi-hardy and temperate plants. The Temperate House was officially opened, unfinished, in 1863. Because costs had soared during construction, it was not completed for another four decades. Today, Kew’s Temperate House is arranged according to Decimus Burton’s original plan.
http://www.kew.org/visit-kew-gardens/garden-attractions-A-Z/Temperate-House.htm

2) Many of the plants in the Temperate House are used to help us everyday. Can you find five plants that providen us with food and drink?


1)................................................................

2)................................................................

3)................................................................

4)................................................................

5)................................................................
Post eleven: The Marianne North Gallery

Inside this cottage, a collection of Marianne North pictures is exposed.
1) Who is Marianne North?


  • a contempory painter, with a great interest for the plant kingdom

  • a Victorian lady who had travelled around the world and painted many landscapes.

  • a botanic master, who paints landscapes and plant portraits.

Bonus: What is the particularity of the Marianne North Gallery?


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