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Mother Vera Nezhynskaya (nee Lantsman) 1890 – 1966 Maternal grandfather


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Father

Moshe Nezhynski

1888 - 1968


Mother
Vera Nezhynskaya

(nee Lantsman)

1890 – 1966


Maternal grandfather
Shleime

Lantsman


1850s – 1917


Maternal grandmother
? Lantsman

(nee ?)


1860s – 1910s

Family Tree


Interviewee

Semyon Nezhynski

1923



Spouse
Irina Nezhynskaya

(nee Razumnaya)

1923

Paternal grandfather

Morduch


Nezhynski

1852 – 1938




Paternal grandmother
? Nezhynskaya

(nee ?)


? – 1900


Children

Olga Nezhynskaya

1945

Vladimir Nezhynski



1948



Siblings
Anna Nezhynskaya

1914
Arkadi Nezhynski



1916 – 1997



The interviewee and his family


Full name


Semyon Nezhynski (Jewish name Shleime)



Where and when were you born?


Lokhvitsa, Poltava region, 29th January 1923



Where else did you live?


Kiev, Leipzig (today Germany), Kirovabad (today Ancha, Azerbaijan), Yerevan (today Armenia), Batumi (today Georgia)



Your educational level?


Finished a special artillery school in Kiev, Artillery College in Leningrad, Higher Artillery Headquarters Officer’s School in Kolomna, Moscow region (today Russia), Military Academy (Moscow), Library College in Moscow, Faculty of Directors of Book Supply Facilities



What sort of work do/did you do?


Professional military, retired in the rank of colonel of guards, director of a book supply facility



How religious was your parents’ home? How were you raised?


My parents were deeply religious. We observed Jewish traditions, celebrated Sabbath and Jewish holidays, followed the kashrut and went to the synagogue.



What is your mother tongue?


Yiddish



What other languages do you speak?


Russian, Ukrainian, German



If you were in an army, tell us which army and the dates


Soviet army, 1941 – 1945 – front; 1945 – 1949: Soviet troops in Germany; 1949 – 1969: professional military



Where were you during the Holocaust?


In the army: Ukraine, Russia, Poland, Germany



What did you do after the Holocaust?


Served in the army, retired in 1969 and became director of a book supply facility

Siblings

Their names


Anna Nezhynskaya (Jewish name Hana)

Arkadi Nezhynski (Jewish name Abram)





Where and when were they born?


Both were born in Lokhvitsa, Poltava region

Anna: 1914

Arkadi: 1916




What is their mother tongue?


Yiddish



Their educational level?


Anna: finished a Pedagogical College in Lokhvitsa

Arkadi: Jewish secondary school





Their occupations?


Anna: accountant

Arkadi: construction worker





Where do/did they live?


Both lived in Kiev



Where else did they live?


Anna: Novokuznetsk, Kemerovo region (today Russia)




Do they have children?


Anna: son Zakhar Lipavski, born in 1936, schoolteacher

Arkadi: daughter Nelly Nezhynskaya, Kiev 1937, cashier; son Anatoli Nezhynski, Kiev 1938, electrician; daughter Raisa Nezhynskaya, Kiev 1941, accountant


Where and when did they die?





Arkadi: Kiev, 1997

Spouse

Name?


Irina Nezhynskaya (nee Razumnaya)



Where and when was he/she born?


Ordjonikidze (today Vladicaucasus, North Osetia); 1923



Where else did he/she live?


Leipzig (today Germany), Kirovabad (today Ancha, Azerbaijan), Yerevan (today Armenia), Batumi (today Georgia), Kiev



Is he/she Jewish?


No



What is his/her mother tongue?


Russian



His/her educational level?


Graduated from the Faculty of History of Pedagogical College in Ordjonikidze



Occupation?


Librarian, scientific employee at the local historical museum of Adjaria (Batumi), later – bibliographer in Kievknigotorg


Tell me anything you know about his/her siblings (Name, date of birth and death, occupation, place of residence, name of wife and children, whether their family is Jewish and whether it is religious).

None



Children




Their names?


Olga Nezhynskaya

Vladimir Nezhynski





Were they raised Jewish/do they identify themselves as Jews?


No



Where and when were they born?


Olga: Ordjonikidze (today Vladicaucasus, North Osetia), 1945

Vladimir: Leipzig (today Germany), 1948





Where else did they live?


Olga: Leipzig (today Germany), Kirovabad (today Ancha, Azerbaijan), Yerevan (today Armenia), Batumi (today Georgia), Kiev

Vladimir: Leipzig (today Germany), Kirovabad (today Ancha, Azerbaijan), Yerevan (today Armenia), Batumi (today Georgia), Leningrad (today St. Petersburg, Russia), Kiev






Their educational level?


Olga: finished Book Sale Faculty/Book Supply College in Kiev

Vladimir: Military Medical Academy in Leningrad





Their occupations?


Olga: librarian

Vladimir: military doctor, colonel of medical services





How many grandchildren do you have?


Vladimir: daughter Maryann Nezhynskaya, born in 1973, finished Medical College, medical nurse



Father



His name?


Moisey Nezhynski



Where and when was he born?


Lokhvitsa, Poltava region; 1888



Where else did he live?


Novokuznetsk, Kemerovo region (today Russia)




Where and when did he die?


Kiev, 1968



What sort of education did he have?


Jewish secondary school



What sort of work did he do?


Clerk; later he worked in a crafts shop, and in 1938 he became a construction worker



How religious was he?


My father was religious, observed traditions, celebrated holidays, went to the synagogue regularly, prayed at home and wore a beard before World War II



What was his mother tongue?


Yiddish



Army service: which army and what years?


Private in the tsarist army, 1911 – 1913


Tell me about his brothers and sisters. (name, date of birth and death, occupation, place of residence, family, etc.)


name

place and date of birth/death

occupation

biographical data and origins of spouse

biographical data of children

describe how religious they were

Shleime-Leib Nezhynski



Lokhvitsa, before 1888 – Leningrad (today St. Petersbrug, Russia), 1970s

Worked in a house appliances repair shop

No information

Michael Nezhynski (Jewish name Moshe), military doctor

Lokhvitsa, 1910s –

Leningrad, 1990s


Religious. Observed Jewish traditions, went to the synagogue on Sabbath and Jewish holidays, prayed at home, celebrated Sabbath and Jewish holidays, followed the kashrut before World War II

Israel Nezhynski



Lokhvitsa, 1886 – Lokhvitsa, 1937

Worked in a shop in Lokhvitsa

Hana Nezhynskaya

(nee Lantsman)

Lokhvitsa, 1887 – Leningrad, 1962

Housewife



Riva Turevskaya (nee Nezhynskaya) Lokhvitsa, 1913 – 1980s, Leningrad

Sophia Odesskaya (nee Nezhynskaya) 1916 – 1942, shot by Germans with her daughter Inna, Anatoli Nezhynski

Lokhvitsa, 1920 –

Leningrad, 1990s



Religious. Observed Jewish traditions, went to the synagogue on Sabbath and Jewish holidays, prayed at home, celebrated Sabbath and Jewish holidays, followed the kashrut before World War II

Fania Kundik

(nee Nezhynskaya)





Lokhvitsa, 1889 – Leningrad, 1962

Seamstress

? Pundik

? - ?


Naum Kundik, 1915 - 1992

Efim Kundink, 1919 – 1980s

Both were doctors


Religious. Observed Jewish traditions, went to the synagogue on Sabbath and Jewish holidays, celebrated Sabbath and Jewish holidays, followed the kashrut before World War II

Iosif Nezhynski

Lokhvitsa, 1890 – Leningrad, 1959

Household appliances repairman

No information

2 sons and a daughter. Anatoli, one of his sons, lives in Israel now.

Religious. Observed Jewish traditions, went to the synagogue on Sabbath and Jewish holidays, prayed at home, celebrated Sabbath and Jewish holidays, followed the kashrut before World War II

Lisa ?

(nee Nezhynskaya)





Lokhvitsa, after 1890 - ? Beryzovka, Odessa region

Housewife

No information

No information

No information

Rachil ?

(nee Nezhynskaya)



Lokhvitsa, after 1890 - ?

No information

No information

No information

No information

Boris Nezhynski

(Jewish name Boruch; stepbrother, born in grandfather’s 2nd marriage)





Lokhvitsa, 1913 – San-Francisco (USA), 2003

Lived in Leningrad, worked at a household appliances repair shop

No information

Mark Nezhynski

Atheist



Where was he during the Holocaust?


Evacuation: Novokuznetsk, Kemerovo region (today Russia)



If he survived, what did he do after?


Lived in Kiev, pensioner

Paternal grandfather


Your paternal grandfather’s name?


Morduch Nezhynski



Where and when was he born?


Nezhin, Kiev province,1852



Where else did he live?


Lokhvitsa, Poltava province



Where and when did he die?


Lokhvitsa, 1938

What sort of education did he have?


Cheder



What sort of work did he do?


Tradesman



How religious was he?


My grandfather was religious. He observed Jewish traditions, went to the synagogue on Sabbath and Jewish holidays, prayed at home, celebrated Sabbath and Jewish holidays and followed the kashrut. He wore a beard, but had no payes. At home he wore a yarmulka and to go outside he wore a hat.



What was his mother tongue?


Yiddish



Army service: which army and what years?


None


Tell me about his brothers and sisters.

Name

place and date of birth/death

occupation

biographical data and origins of spouse

biographical data of children

describe how religious they were

No information

















Where was he during the Holocaust?


Died before

Paternal grandmother


Your paternal grandmother’s name?


? Nezhynskaya (nee ?)



Where and when was she born?


No information



Where else did she live?


Lokhvitsa, Poltava province



Where and when did she die?


Lokhvitsa, 1900



What sort of education did she have?


No information



What sort of work did she do?


Housewife



How religious was she?


My grandmother was religious. She observed Jewish traditions, went to the synagogue on Sabbath and on Jewish holidays, prayed at home, celebrated Sabbath and Jewish holidays and followed the kashrut.



What was her mother tongue?


Yiddish



Tell me about his brothers and sisters.

Name

place and date of birth/death

occupation

biographical data and origins of spouse

biographical data of children

describe how religious they were

No information

















Where was she during the Holocaust?


Died before


Mother

Her name?


Vera Nezhynskaya (nee Lantsman) (Jewish name Dveira)



Where and when was she born?


Lokhvitsa, Poltava province; 1890



Where else did she live?


Novokuznetsk, Kemerovo region (Russia), Kiev



Where and when did she die?


Kiev, 1966



What sort of education did she have?


Jewish elementary school (4 years)



What sort of work did she do?


Housewife



How religious was she?


My mother was religious. She observed Jewish traditions, went to the synagogue on Jewish holidays, celebrated Sabbath and Jewish holidays and followed the kashrut. My mother wore a wig and a kerchief before World War II.



What was her mother tongue?


Yiddish


Tell me about his brothers and sisters.

name

place and date of birth/death

occupation

biographical data and origins of spouse

biographical data of children

describe how religious they were

Ilia Lantsman



Lokhvitsa, before 1889 – USA, ?

No information

No information

No information

No information

Zakhar Lantsman

(Jewish name Skharia)





Lokhvitsa, bifore 1889 - ?

No information

No information

Michael Lantsman

Lokhvitsa, 1917-1976, Leningrad



No information

Hana Nezhynskaya

(nee Lantsman)





Lokhvitsa, 1897 – Leningrad (today St. Petersburg), 1962

Housewife

Israel Nezhynski

1886 – 1937,

Lokhvitsa

Worked in a crafts shop



Riva Turevskaya (nee Nezhynskaya) Lokhvitsa, 1913 – 1980s, Leningrad.

Sophia Odesskaya

(nee Nezhynskaya) 1916 – 1942, shot by Germans with her daughter Inna.

Anatoli Nezhynski

Lokhvitsa, 1920 –

Leningrad, 1990s




Religious. Observed Jewish traditions, went to the synagogue on Jewish holidays, prayed at home, celebrated Sabbath and Jewish holidays, followed the kashrut before World War II

Where was she during the Holocaust?


Evacuation: Novokuznetsk, Kemerovo region (today Russia)



If she survived, what did she do after?


Lived in Kiev, housewife


Maternal grandfather



Your maternal grandfather’s name?


Shleime Lantsman



Where and when was he born?


Place unknown, 1850s



Where else did he live?


Lokhvitsa, Poltava province



Where and when did he die?


Lokhvitsa, 1917



What sort of education did he have?


Finished a yeshivah



What sort of work did he do?


Rabbi (in the synagogue in Lokhvitsa)



How religious was he?


My grandfather was religious. He was a rabbi. However, I don’t know any details. My grandfather died before I was born. We didn’t have his photographs and my mother told me little about him.



What was his mother tongue?


Yiddish



Army service: which army and what years?


None

Tell me about his brothers and sisters.

name

place and date of birth/death

occupation

biographical data and origins of spouse

biographical data of children

describe how religious they were

No information




















Where was he during the Holocaust?


Died before


Maternal grandmother


Your maternal grandmother’s name?


? Lantsman (nee ?)



Where and when was she born?


Place unknown, 1860s



Where else did she live?


Lokhvitsa, Poltava province



Where and when did she die?


Lokhvitsa, 1910s



What sort of education did she have?


No information



What sort of work did she do?


Housewife



How religious was she?


My grandmother was religious as was expected from a rabbis wife. My grandmother died before I was born and I don’t know any details about her.



What was her mother tongue?


Yiddish



Tell me about his brothers and sisters.

name

place and date of birth/death

occupation

biographical data and origins of spouse

biographical data of children

describe how religious they were

No information

















Where was she during the Holocaust?


Died before






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