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Mongolian third national report on implementation of convention on biological diversity


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MNE GEF UNDP CBD MNEC

MONGOLIAN THIRD NATIONAL REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY

ULAANBAATAR

2006

FORWORD
The conservation and remediation of biological diversity and the sustainable utilisation of natural resources has become the most pressing policy issue for Mongolia. Mongolia is considered ecologically vulnerable on account of its location, extreme climate and climate change. In addition, the impact of human activities on environmental sustainability is intensifying due to population growth and industrialisation.

In 1993, Mongolia became the thirtieth country to ratify the Convention on Biological Diversity, with the Government of Mongolia further approving the National Action Programme on Biodiversity Conservation in 1996. Conservation efforts in Mongolia during the past ten years have included concrete actions such as improvements in the legislative environment, achievements in creating more favourable economic means for biodiversity conservation, ecological assessments of endangered animal and rare plants species, the limitation of their inappropriate utilisation, an increase in public awareness and participation in biodiversity conservation activities, the establishment of an information database, the expansion of the protected area network and the development of international and intergovernmental cooperation.

The Government of Mongolia strategically prioritises the creation of an appropriate legal and economic environment for biodiversity conservation, strengthening its management and administration capacity, improving information dissemination and public awareness activities, and compiling a comprehensive environmental information database. Furthermore, specific activities are supported in producing endangered species inventories, quantifying the values and benefits of biodiversity, and integrating biodiversity conservation and sustainable utilisation objectives into environmental and other sector’s policy and planning frameworks. To cultivate a deeper appreciation of the importance of biodiversity conservation in society, the Government of Mongolia strives to support and cooperate with environmental non-governmental organisations, and encourage public participation in conservation efforts. The Government of Mongolia is successfully implementing several donor-funded biodiversity conservation projects instrumental in achieving its biodiversity conservation objectives.

It is my great pleasure to present the Third National Report on the implementation of the UN Convention on Biodiversity Conservation, developed in collaboration with the Mongolian Nature and Environment Consortium. Invaluable contributions from relevant line Ministries, non-government organisations and scientists and researchers from various professional and research institutions played a fundamental role in generating this report.


This National Report was produced following the set of guidelines developed by the CBD Secretariat, with responses being filled as per the requested template. The Third National Report stipulates measures that the country has undertaken to fulfil the provisions of the Convention. The Report provides information on the experience of implementing national biodiversity strategies and action plans, and identifies obstacles and impediments in meeting the objectives of this Convention. We believe this report will serve as good reference material for policy makers in the environment and other sectors, non-governmental organisations, private sectors and students.
I would like to take this opportunity to extend my appreciation to the Global Environmental Facility and United Nations Development Programme for the financial and technical support provided in producing this report.
Mr. Erdenebaatar,

Member of the Government,

Minister of Nature and Environment

CONTENTS



CONTENTS 2

A. REPORTING PARTY 6

Information on the preparation of the report 7

B. PRIORITY SETTING, TARGETS AND OBSTACLES 9

Priority Setting 12

Challenges and Obstacles to Implementation 13

2010 Target 15

Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC) 45

Ecosystem Approach 62

C. ARTICLES OF THE CONVENTION 63

Article 5 – Cooperation 63

Article 6 - General measures for conservation and sustainable use 68

Biodiversity and Climate Change 74

Article 7 - Identification and monitoring 77

Decisions on Taxonomy 81

Article 8 - In-situ conservation 85

[excluding paragraphs (a) to (e), (h) and (j)] 85

Programme of Work on Protected Areas (Article 8 (a) to (e)) 90

Article 8(h) - Alien species 98

Article 8(j) - Traditional knowledge and related provisions


103

GURTS 103

Status and Trends 103

Akwé:Kon Guidelines 104

Capacity Building and Participation of Indigenous and Local Communities 105

Support to implementation 106

Article 9 - Ex-situ conservation 108

Article 10 - Sustainable use of components of biological diversity 111

Biodiversity and Tourism 117

Article 11 - Incentive measures 119

Article 12 - Research and training 121

Article 13 - Public education and awareness 127

Article 14 - Impact assessment and minimizing adverse impacts 136

Article 15 - Access to genetic resources 143

Article 16 - Access to and transfer of technology 151

Programme of Work on transfer of technology and technology cooperation 152

Article 17 - Exchange of information 155

Article 18 - Technical and scientific cooperation 157

Article 19 - Handling of biotechnology and distribution of its benefits 160

Article 20 – Financial resources 162

x 167

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x 167

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x 167

x 167


x 167

x 167


x 167

x 167


x 167

D. THEMATIC AREAS 168

Inland water ecosystems 169

Marine and coastal biological diversity 173

General 173

Implementation of Integrated Marine and Coastal Area Management 174

Marine and Coastal Living Resources 175

A c t i v i t i e s 175

Marine and Coastal Protected Areas 176

Mariculture 176

Alien Species and Genotypes 178

Agricultural biological diversity 179

Annex to decision V/5 - Programme of work on agricultural biodiversity 180

Forest Biological Diversity 187

Biological diversity of dry and sub-humid lands 198

Mountain Biodiversity 201

E. OPERATIONS OF THE CONVENTION 208

F. COMMENTS ON THE FORMAT 209

G. LIST OF PEOPLE PARTICIPATED IN DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL REPORT 210


Abbreviation
ADB Asian Development Bank

CITES Convention on Intenational Trade in Endangered Species

DSS Dust and Sandstorm

FAO Food and Agriculture Organization

GTZ German Technical Assistance

GEF Global Environment Facility

GIS Geographic Information System

GGSPA Gobi of Great Gobi Strictly Protected Area

IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature

JICA Japan International Cooperation Organization

MNE Ministry of Nature and Environment

MAS Mongolian Academy of Science

MFA Ministry of Food and Agriculture

MOSTEC Ministry of Science and Technology and Culture

MAP Mongolian Action Plan

NUM National University of Mongolia

NGO Non Government Oraganization

PRC People’s Republic of China

PAA Protected Area Administration

TACIS Technical Aid to the Commonwealth of Independent States

TA Technical Assistance

TDA Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis

SDC Swiss Development and Cooperation Agency

SAP Stratic Action Plan

SPIA State Proffesional Inspection Agency

SPA SpeCial Protected Area

UB Ulaanbaatar

UNEP United Nation Environment Program

UNESCAP United Nation’s Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific

UNCCD Convention on Combating Desertification

UNDP United National Development Program

WB World Bank

WWF World Wide Fund

ZSL Zoological Society of London

Aimag Province

Soum Sub-povince

A. REPORTING PARTY



Contracting Party

Mongolia

N a t i o n a l F o c a l P o i n t

Full name of the institution

Ministry of Nature and Environment

Name and title of contact officer

Mr. A. Enkhbat, Director, Sustainable Development and Strategic Planning Department

Mailing address

Government Building -3,

Ulaanbaatar-11, Small Ring-44, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia



Telephone

976-11-321401

Fax

976-11-321401

E-mail

mne@magicnet.mn

Contact officer for national report (if different FROM ABOVE)

Full name of the institution

Mongolian Nature and Environment Consortium

Name and title of contact officer

Mr. B. Erdene-Ochir, Executive Director

Mailing address

P.O.Box 366, Ulaanbaatar-210620, Sukhbaatar District, 11-r khoroolol

Telephone

976-11-354272

Fax

976-11-354272

E-mail

mnec@magicnet.mn

S u b m i s s i o n

Signature of officer responsible for submitting national report



Date of submission




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