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Project Identifiers

Project Name: Biodiversity conservation and sustainable natural resource management in Algeria

2. GEF Implementing Agency: UNDP

3. Country or countries in which the project is being implemented: Algeria

4. Country eligibility: CBD ratified by the Government of Algeria on 14 August 1995.

5. GEF focal area: Biodiversity cross cutting with Land Degradation

6. Operational program/short-term measure: Arid and semi-arid zone ecosystems (OP-1)

7. Project linkage to national priorities, action plans, and programs:

The project is based on the priority given by the government of Algeria to protect biodiversity in arid and semi-arid zone ecosystems as well as its commitment to promote the participation of the civil society through the associations emanating from it, in particular in the area of environmental protection. The project intervention sites are accorded national priority by the biodiversity strategy and action plan, which is under finalization by the GoA..

8. GEF national operational focal point and date of country endorsement:

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mrs. Ben-Azza, National GEF Focal Point. (Date of authorization of the request: 09 June 1997).

Project Objectives and Activities

9. Project rationale and objectives:


To conserve and sustainably use globally significant biodiversity and to fight against land degradation in three priority areas in the arid and semi-arid zone ecosystems of Algeria

1) Biodiversity conservation in three natural reserves (Taghit , Mergueb and Oglat Ed Daira) in Algeria.

2) Sustainable use of biodiversity and natural resource management in the buffer zone of the three reserves.


  1. 140 target species increase population size by 40% by the end of the project; plant cover increases by 10% in target areas by the end of project

  2. 50% of rural and bedouin communities involved in project activities (awareness, outreach, etc.)

  3. Three updated plans outlining management and enforcement needs

  4. networks, e-mails, and other communication means improved among all project stakeholders

  5. 150 shepherds/Bedouin families benefiting from project; 150 ha and 10 watering sites rehabilitated in various areas by year 3

10. Project outcomes

    1. Management plans for the three reserves updated in line with biodiversity conservation.

    1. Legal protection measures for the reserve of Oglat Ed Daira are implemented.

    1. Environmentally conscious local populations.

    1. Capacity of NGOs RIOD and concerned local institutions improved to assist in nature reserve management

    1. Biodiversity resources are used sustainably and natural resource base protected.

Three management plans elaborated by year one; enclosures established by year 2 to protect threatened and endemic species
Instrument describing legal status outlines protection measures by year 1
10,000 didactic pamphlets, posters and other awareness materials produced and distributed to 50% of local population around the reserves
60 staff members from local NGOs and the three reserve trained on protected area management and participation approaches;
150 families from target groups benefiting from output; 150 ha rehabilitated and 140 target species protected

  1. Project activities to achieve outcomes (including cost in $ for each activity):

  1. 1.1.

1.1.1 Organization of forums and establishment of local committees to protect biodiversity and combat desertification at each site (Béchar, Naâma, M'Sila). (Cost: GEF: US$10,000)

1.1.2. Plan for community participation in the management and sustainable use of biological and natural resources. (Cost: GEF: US$10,000)

1.1.3. Biodiversity assessments in the three reserves are carried out with special reference to the social and economic conditions and the traditional know-how and practices. (Cost: GEF: US$50,000)

1.1.4. Update management plans for the three reserves

(Cost $200,000, of which GEF-$120,000, and $80,000- GoA)

1.1.5. Enclosures for in situ conservation of endemic and threatened biodiversity (Cost: $60,000, of which GEF-S$40,000, and GoA-$20,000)

1.2.1. Establishment of legal status for the nature reserve of Oglat Ed Daira. (Cost: GEF: US$ 20,000)


1.3.1. Elaboration of didactic materials adapted to the local context (languages, illustrations, and information). (Cost: GEF: US$70,000)

1.3.2. Series of informal, participatory workshops promoting the rational use of biodiversity, management of grazing lands, vegetation rehabilitation, management of steppe areas, and sand dune stabilization techniques (Cost: GEF: US$48,000)

1.3.3. Public awareness campaigns targeting population groups such as women and youth. (Cost: GEF, US$30,000)

1.3.4. Periodical liaison newsletter. (Cost: GEF, US$28,000)

1.4.1. Training the members of NGOs and staff of local institutions on consultation and participation in management processes (Cost: GEF, US$21,000)

1.4.2. Training the members of the NGOs and staff of institutions in the area of environmental communication. (Cost: GEF, US$21,000)

1.4.3. Training the members of the NGOs and staff of local institutions on operational concepts of biodiversity conservation and the fight against desertification (Cost: GEF, US$21,000)

1.4.4. Study trips targeting protected area management will be organized (Cost: GEF, US$16,000)

1.4.5 Training staff of local NGOs on monitoring biodiversity in three reserves (Cost: US$200,000 of which GEF $ 35,000, French and Canadian Embassies $83,000, and the NGO-RIOD $82,000)

1.4.6. Establishment of an electronic information exchange networks in the three sites and between members of the CNOA/RIOD NGOs' network. A web site will be established. A documentation, education and awareness center will be supported. (Cost: US$200,000 of which GEF: US$50,000, and the GoA $150,000)

2.1.1. Sustainable and economically viable animal fattening scheme in Mergueb reserve (Cost: $120,000 of which GEF: $20,000, IFAD $75,000, RIOD $25,000)

2.1.2. Sustainable forms of eco-tourism (entrance fees) in Taghit and Oglat Ed-Daira promoting traditional handicraft products. (Cost: US$150,000, of which GEF: US$60,000, and $90,000 by GoA)

2.1.3. Establishment of a wastewater treatment facility in the palm grove of the Taghit oasis (non-GEF resources-GoA $ 588,000)
2.1.4. Rehabilitation of vegetation using native forage seeds demonstrated to enrich native flora in Mergueb (Cost: US$75,000, of which GEF:$25,000, and GoA $50,000)

2.1.5. Surface water mobilization providing watering facilities for wildlife. (Cost: US$150,000 of which GEF: $30,000, NGO-RIOD $93,000, and GoA $27,000)


1 national committee, 3 site committees will be established at the onset of the project

Participation plan established at project onset

4 biodiversity assessment reports, 1 socio-economic report and 3 business plans prepared in year 1

3 Management plans completed and operational by year 2
Core conservation areas installed in about 2-5% of the three sites and 140 target species protected


Document describing legal designation of reserve


5,000 didactic materials elaborated and disseminated

9 informal workshops conducted over three-year period plus many ad hoc ongoing meetings with rural and bedouin communities

5,000 posters prepared; 3 awareness campaigns launched; and 50% of local people reached
Newsletter published on regular basis


20 trainees trained and instituted

20 trainees trained; and quality of training materials

10 trainees trained by year 1

1 study trip per year to the three reserves
10 trainees trained by year 1 and quality of data gathered

Documentation center and information network operational, and over 200 users will visit the project web site per month by year 1


150 shepherds/Bedouin families benefit from scheme

Networks launched and efficient; over 2000 handicraft products are sold to tourists and approximately $10,000 revenue from entrance fees expected by year 2
Assessments and conception studies elaborated and treatment plant installed; surface water pollution stopped by 75% by end of the project
150 ha rehabilitated and vegetation biomass increased by 50% in the reserve by year 3.

10 watering gueltas (watering places) rehabilitated in various areas by year 3

12. Estimated budget (US $) over 3 years :
PDF-A: $35,000 ($ 25,000 GEF + $10,000 co-financing for organization of final workshop)

GEF: $725,000

Co-financing: $1363,000:

$1005,000 Government of Algeria

$75,000 IFAD

$200,000 NGO-RIOD Network and Local Communities

$50,000 French Embassy in Algeria (tbc)

$33,000 US$ Fonds Canadien des Initiatives Locales (FCIL)

GEF and

Co-financing $2088,000
TOTAL: $ 2,123,000 (GEF, co-financing and PDF-A costs)

13. Information on project proposer: National Committee of Algerian NGOs members of the International Network of NGOs for the fight against desertification (CNOA-RIOD). At present, CNOA/RIOD is the only group of NGOs active in environmental matters in Algeria. It aims at implementing the CBD and the CCD conventions through promoting efforts for the conservation and protection of biodiversity, and the rehabilitation and management of arid and semi-arid zone environments. The network was created in October 1996 comprising 26 member associations, six of which are acting as relays in the different regions of the country. The national focal point for this network is AREA-ED NGO, which also acts as a sub-regional focal point for North Africa. AREA-ED managerial capacity was assessed by the UNDP 1998 assessment of Algerian NGOs, which concluded that AREA-ED is the most active environmental NGO in Algeria with a solid base to implement projects under the framework actions for biodiversity conservation and sustainable development.

14. Information on proposed executing agency (if different from above): same

15. Date of initial submission of project concept: No project concept was submitted.

Information on Institution Submitting Project Brief

16. Project Identification number: ALG/97/G41

17. Implementing Agency contact person: Hani Daraghma, GEF/RBAS/UNDP

18. Project linkage to Implementing Agency program(s): The project fits in the context of the cooperation strategy of UNDP to Algeria, and is in total coherence with the undergoing actions for biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. This includes the implementation of 1) the biodiversity enabling project (eventually leading to a biodiversity strategy and action plan for Algeria), 2) the regional project on participatory management of date palm plant genetic resources in the oases of the Maghreb, and 3) the conservation and sustainable use of globally significant biodiversity in the Tassili and Hoggar National Parks.
In addition, the project will make all efforts to benefit from the World Bank/GEF experience in El-Kala National Park and Wetlands in Algeria. Building on UNDP presence in Algeria and the UNDP solid partnership with the CNOA-RIOD network, the project will facilitate the close coordination and communication with national and local counterparts of El-Kala National Park project. To this end, the GEF/UNDP project will recruit a full-time Project Coordinator and three site managers who will be responsible for the daily management of the project and will operate under the direct supervision of UNDP Algiers. In addition, the Project Coordinator, due to implementation complexity, will be given two-week orientation course covering GEF/UNDP project management, reporting and monitoring requirements.
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