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Japan Patent Office February 24, 2003


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IPC/C 425/02

ANNEX 2





Japan Patent Office

February 24, 2003

Project: C425

Subclass: A61K



JP comments and counter proposals


JPO understands the importance to develop new detailed classification in this field. We think, however, that IPC is a search tool basically for patent documents, although it can be used as a search tool for non patent literature. It is also noted that IPC should be useful and understandable not only for some countries but all member countries.
We note that text search by plants’ names is generally useful in this area, and combination of text search and IPC search will be the best way for search. So, the large number (such as 200) of subgroups are not necessary.
We are afraid that the scheme containing so many (about 200) subgroups would decrease precision of classification and increase misclassification, since it would be difficult for classifiers to classify documents into extremely subdivided scheme without mistakes. We are also afraid that it would raise classifiers’ workload.
JPO, which has large number of documents in this area (medicines containing plant substances), has a search tool of F-terms (4C088) which contains about 120 items, and it works efficiently.
We propose modified scheme, which contains about 80 subgroups of only one or two dots. F-term is indicated for each subgroup and we are confident that the proposed scheme would work efficiently from our experience of these 120 items.

F-term indicates concordances to F-terms (4C088).


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N 36/00 Medicinal preparations containing plant or plant-like material or reaction products thereof with undetermined constitution, e.g., traditional medicines, herbal remedies


N Note(s)

after 36/00

(1) In this main group, classification is made according to top-to-bottom priority.

(2) In this main group, it is desirable to assign additional classifications for significant individual components of the medicinal preparations when useful for search purposes.

(3) In this group, it is desirable to add the indexing codes 125:00 to 137:00 when useful for search purposes.
F-term

N 36/02 . Algae AA12

N 36/03 . . Phaeophyta (brown algae), e.g. fucus AA13

N 36/04 . . Rhodophyta (red algae), e.g. porphyra AA14

N 36/05 . . Chloropyta (green algae), e.g. chlorella AA15

N 36/06 . Lichens AA17

N 36/07 . Higher fungi AA01

N 36/08 . . Clavicipitaceae


N 36/09 . . Polyporaceae AA04

N 36/10 . Bryophyta (mosses) AA17

N 36/11 . Pteridophyta or Filicophyta (ferns) AA18

N 36/13 . Gymnospermae AB01

N 36/18 . Angiospermae AB11

N 36/19 . . Magnoliaceae (Magnolia family) AB65

N 36/20 . . Schisandraceae (Schisandra family)

N 36/21 . . Lauraceae (Laurel family), e.g. cinnamon, sassafras AB33

N 36/22 . . Piperaceae (Pepper family), e.g. Jamaicanpepper,

kava AB36

N 36/23 . . Saururaceae(Lizard’s tale family) AB47

N 36/24 . . Nymphaeaceae(Water Lily family) AB39

N 36/25 . . Ranunculaceae (Buttercup family), e.g. larkspur, hepatica, hydrastis, columbine, goldenseal AB32

N 36/26 . . Paeoniaceace (Peony family), e.g., chinese peony AB58

N 36/27 . . Berberidaceae (Barberry family), e.g. barberry, cohosh, mayapple AB63

N 36/28 . . Menispermaceae (Moonseed family), e.g. hyperbaena, coralbead

N 36/29 . . Papaveraceae (Poppy family), e.g. bloodroot or Fumariaceae (Fumitory family), e.g. bleeding heart AB35

N 36/30 . . Eucommiaceae (Eucommia family), e.g. hardy rubber tree


N 36/31 . . Moraceae (Mulberry family), e.g. breadfruit, fig AB34

N 36/32 . . Aristolochiaceae (Birthwort family), e.g., heartleaf

N 36/33 . . Caryophyllaceae (Pink family), e.g. babysbreath, soapwort

N 36/34 . . Cactaceae (Cactus family), e.g. pricklypear, Cereus

N 36/35 . . Amaranthaceae (Amaranth family), e.g. pigweed, rockwort, globe amaranth

N 36/36 . . Polygonaceae (Buckwheat family), e.g. spineflower,

Dock AB43

N 36/37 . . Theaceae (Tea family), e.g. camellia AB45

N 36/38 . . Hypericaceae, Clusiaceae, or Guttiferae (Hypericum or Mangosteen family), e.g. common St. Johnswort

N 36/39 . . Plantaginaceae (Plantain Family) AB22

N 36/40 . . Violaceae (Violet family)

N 36/41 . . Thymelaeaceae (Mezereum family), e.g., leatherwood, false ohelo

N 36/42 . . Brassicacea or Cruciferae (Mustard family), e.g. broccoli, cabbage, kohlrabi AB15

N 36/43 . . Ericaceae or Vacciniaceae (Heath or Blueberry Family), e.g. blueberry, cranberry, bilberry AB44

N 36/44 . . Crassulaceae (Stonecrop family)

N 36/45 . . Rosaceae (Rose family), e.g. strawberry, chokeberry, blackberry, pear, firethorn AB51

N 36/46 . . Fabaceae or Papilionaceae (Pea or Legume family) AB59

N 36/47 . . Caesalpiniaceae or Caesalpinioideae

N 36/48 . . Myrtaceae (Myrtle family), e.g. teatree, eucalyptus AB57

N 36/49 . . Celastraceae (Staff-tree or Bittersweet family), e.g. tripterygium, spindle tree


N 36/50 . . Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family), e.g. castorbean


(Ricinus) AB46

N 36/51 . . Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn family), e.g. buckthorn, chewstick, umbrella-tree

N 36/52 . . Vitaceae or Ampelidaceae (Vine or Grape family),

e.g. wine grapes, muscadines, pepper-vine AB56

N 36/53 . . Linaceae (Flax family), e.g. Linum

N 36/54 . . Sapindaceae (Soapberry family), e.g. lychee, soapberry

N 36/55 . . Burseraceae (Frankincense family)

N 36/56 . . Aceraceae (Maple family)

N 36/57 . . Fagaceae (Beech family), e.g. oak, chestnut

N 36/58 . . Juglandaceae (Walnut family)

N 36/59 . . Salicaceae (Willow family), e.g. poplar

N 36/60 . . Cornaceae (Dogwood family)

N 36/61 . . Ebenaceae (Ebony family), e.g. persimmon AB24

N 36/62 . . Anacardiaceae (Sumac family), e.g. smoketree, sumac, poison oak AB21

N 36/63 . . Meliaceae (Chinaberry or Mahogany family), e.g. Azadirachta (neem) AB42
N 36/64 . . Rutaceae (Rue family) AB62

N 36/65 . . Polygalaceae (Milkwort family) AB43

N 36/66 . . Araliaceae (Ginseng family), e.g. ivy, aralia, schefflera, and tetrapanax AB17

N 36/67 . . Umbelliferae or Apiaceae (Carrot family), e.g. dill, chervil, coriander, cumin AB40

N 36/68 . . Gentianaceae (Gentian family) AB67

N 36/69 . . Loganiaceae (Logania family), e.g. trumpetflower, pinkroot

N 36/70 . . Apocynaceae (Dogbane family), e.g. plumeria, periwinkle

N 36/71 . . Asclepiadaceae (Milkweed family), e.g. hoya

N 36/72 . . Cuscutaceae (Dodder family), e.g. Cuscuta epithymum, greater dodder

N 36/73 . . Convolvulaceae (Morning-glory family), e.g. bindweed

N 36/74 . . Solanaceae ((Potato family), e.g. tobacco, nightshade, tomato, belladonna, capsicum, jimsonweed AB48

N 36/75 . . Boraginaceae (Borage family), e.g. comfrey, lungwort, forget-me-not

N 36/76 . . Verbenaceae (Verbena family)

N 36/77 . . Oleaceae (Olive family), e.g. olive, jasmine, lilac,

ash tree AB64

N 36/78 . . Labiatae or Lamiaceae (Mint family), e.g. thyme, rosemary, lavender AB38

N 36/79 . . Scrophulariaceae (Figwort family) AB37

N 36/80 . . Orobanchaceae (Broom-rape family)

N 36/81 . . Acanthaceae (Acanthus family)

N 36/82 . . Campanulaceae (Bellflower family) AB30

N 36/83 . . Rubiaceae (Madder family) AB14

N 36/84 . . Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle family)

N 36/85 . . Valerianaceae (Valeriana family), e.g. valerian AB23

N 36/86 . . Cucurbitaceae (Cucumber family) AB19

N 36/87 . . Compositae or Asteraceae (Aster or Sunflower family), e.g. chamomile, feverfew, yarrow, echinacea AB26

N 36/88 . . Liliopsida, i.e. monocotyledons AB71


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N Indexing scheme associated with 36/00, relating to plant parts with medicinal activity.
N 125:00 Containing or obtained from roots, bulbs, tubers, corms, or rhizomes AC011 ,AC12,AC13

N 127:00 Containing or obtained from leaves ACO5

N 129:00 Containing or obtained from bark AC06

N 131:00 Containing or obtained from seeds or nuts AC04

N 133:00 Containing or obtained from fruits AC04

N 135:00 Containing or obtained from flowers or blossoms AC03



N 137:00 Containing or obtained from stems, stalks, branches, twigs or shoots AC05,AC06



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