Ana səhifə

Is Truth by Nature Subjective, Relative and Provisional, or Objective, Absolute and Eternal?

Yüklə 24.35 Kb.
ölçüsü24.35 Kb.
Is Truth by Nature Subjective, Relative and

Provisional, or Objective, Absolute and Eternal?

What was a lie anyway, and what was the truth? The minute after an event took place, it meant different things in the memory of each individ­ual who had witnessed or experi­enced it...The truth, whether in art or life, was whatever worked best. Jerzy Kosinski
Fidel [Castro] lies. He has lied all his life, although he does not see his “lies” as lies. Since everything revolves around him and his perception of reality, whatever he sees or says at any one moment is indeed “truth.”

Georgie Anne Geyer
There is some basis for the distinction, constantly made in Soviet apol­oget­ics, between subjective and objective truth. Take, for instance, Rousseau, who was convinced that his Confessions were, as he claimed, entirely truth­ful. In fact, for the most part, they consisted of fabrications, often to his own discredit. Nonetheless, the Confessions remain an en­chanting exercise in self-revelation. Again, Harold Laski was one of the most elaborate and audacious liars I have ever known. He is still, however, and I dare say rightly, regarded as an accom­plished and perceptive scholar, whose testi­mony about his times deserves consideration, and sometimes quotation. Malcolm Muggeridge

I come now to the definition of “truth” and “falsehood.” Certain things are evident. Truth is a property of beliefs, and derivatively of sentences which express beliefs. Truth consists in a certain relation between a belief and one or more facts other than the belief. When this relation is absent, the belief is false. A sentence may be called “true” or “false” even if no one believes it, provided that, if it were believed, the belief would be true or false as the case may be. So much, I say, is evident. But what is not evident is the nature of the relation between belief and fact that is involved, or the defini­tion of the possible fact that will make a given belief true, or the meaning of “possible” in this phrase. Until these questions are answered we have no adequate definition of “truth.”

Bertrand Russell
Attempts have been made to define “truth” in terms of “knowledge,” or of concepts, such as “verifiability,” which involve “knowledge.” Such attempts, if carried out logically, lead to para­doxes which there is no reason to accept. I conclude that “truth” is the fundamental concept, and that “knowledge” must be defin­ed in terms of “truth,” not vice versa. This entails the con­sequence that a proposition may be true although we can see no way of obtaining evidence either for or against it. Bertrand Russell

Thoughts about Truth & Paradox

A half truth, like half a brick, is always more forcible as an argument than a whole one. It carries better. Stephen Leacock
An epigram is a half-truth so stated as to irritate the person who believes the other half.
According to deconstructionism all truth claims, especially religious ones, are not only false, they’re oppressive.
Once people lose interest in dis­cover­ing whether a thing is true or not, the only thing that’s left for them is the ego­cen­tric exercise of imposing their own patterns of words on things.
According to the scientific naturalist truth has nothing to do with a myster­ious or transcendent property of the human mind. Rather it is a byproduct of adaptive beliefs that happen to be empirically supported.
Modern scepticism is on its guard against the word ‘truth’. But nobody will object if it is understood to denote the illumi­nation accom­panying the contact of our mind with what we call realities. Ernest Dimnet
All profound truth, philo­sophi­cal and spiritual, makes game with appear­ances, yet without really contradicting common sense.

Marshall McLuhan
Things are simultaneously know­able and incomprehensible.
Aristotle remarks that if one wishes to find the truth one must first consider the opinions of those who judge differently.
There are no entirely false opin­ions. The listener, then, must proceed from what is valid in the opinions of the speaker to the fuller and purer truth as he, the lis­tener, under­stands it. Josef Pieper
Every fact is true by definition. But you wouldn’t call every fact a truth.
Truth has to do with the value of the things we know.
Every heresy is a truth taught out of proportion.

G. K. Chesterton
To escape heresy we must accept paradox. Thinking with integrity is para­­doxical thinking. M. Scott Peck
Every truth has two faces, every rule two surfaces, every precept two appli­cations. Joseph Joubert
Almost every wise saying has an opposite one, no less wise to balance it.

George Santayana
Everyone wants to have the truth on their side, but not everyone wants to be on the side of truth.
As scarce as truth is, the supply has always been in excess of the demand.

Josh Billings
I believe there is a truth, and that it’s know­able.

Mary McCarthy
Feminists argue that truth is a hegemonic concept devised by white bourgeois male academics to prevent their dominant intre­pre­tation of history from being questioned.
There are truths that are not of our own making.
I may have conceived theoreti­cal truth wrongly, but I was not wrong in think­ing that there is such a thing, and that it deserves our allegiance.

Bertrand Russell
If everything were relative, there wouldn’t be anything for it to be relative to. Bertrand Russell
The acceptance of relativity was probably delayed by its name, which sug­gested a superficial con­nection with the philosophical concept of relativity, accord­ing to which all truth was regarded as rela­tive. Nothing is further from the truth. In relativity, the laws of physics have a precise and absolute form, only certain specific state­ments that our intuition leads us to re­gard as absolute, turn out to be preju­diced. R. E. Peierls
The most dangerous lies have some truth in them.
A truth that’s told with bad intent / Beats all the lies you can invent.

William Blake
Sometimes the surest way to upset people is to tell them the truth.

Margaret Wente
I don’t want any yes-men around me. I want everyone to tell the truth—even if it costs him his job. Samuel Goldwyn
The moment truth is no longer abso­lute and transcendent it becomes a poli­tical and ideological weapon.
Repeat a lie often enough until it becomes the truth.

Joseph Goebbels
The opposite of a correct state­ment is a false statement. But the opposite of a pro­found truth may well be another profound truth.

Niels Bohr
Non-paradoxical thinking splits the truth in two. It reveals something by deny­ing or obscuring something else.
The truth is gen­erally seen, rarely heard.

The chief use to which we put our love of truth is in per­suading our­selves that what we love is true.
There are no whole truths; all truths are half-truths. It is trying to treat them as whole truths that plays the devil. A. N. Whitehead
‘The moon is not made of green cheese’ is a whole truth, and there are in­numer­able others. What A. N. Whitehead really meant when he said, ‘There are no whole truths,’ is that there are few whole truths of a humanist or philosophical nature.
Truth alone is valuable and inter­est­ing, as far as a human being is able to appre­hend it. Malcolm Muggeridge
The greatest kindness one can render to any man consists in leading him to the truth. Aquinas
Truth means the conformity of the mind with some object.
Truth consists in some form of correspondence between belief and fact. It is, however, by no means an easy matter to discover a form of correspondence to which there are no irrefutable objections. Bertrand Russell
You cease being a mere logician and become a philosopher when you stop trying to eliminate paradox from reality and begin contemplating it.
The sane man always cares more for truth than consistency. If he sees two truths that seem to contradict each other, he accepts both truths and the contra­dic­tion along with them. His spiritual sight is stereo­scopic, like his physical sight: he sees two different pictures at once and yet sees all the better for that. G. K. Chesterton
When truth is discovered by some­one else, it loses something of its attrac­tive­ness. Alexander Solzhenitsyn
We are usually convinced more easily by reasons we have found ourselves than by those which have oc­curred to others. Pascal

Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur © 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət