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Introduction azad Jammu and Kashmir lies between longitude 73


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PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE


  1. ROADS: Roads and air transport are the only mode of transportation in Azad Jammu and Kashmir. The present road length and its comparison with the position in 1947 is given below: -


ROAD LENGTH (KMs)

1947 2008

Metalled 100 5983.49

Fair-weather 165 6119.50

Total 265 12102.99

Road Density - 0.45
AIRPORTS

The Government of Azad Jammu and Kashmir in collaboration with the Civil Aviation Authority of Pakistan has constructed two small airports in Muzaffarabad and Rawalakot cities in order to provide easy and fast mode of travel (Flights presently suspended).



POWER

At present, the installed Grid capacity is 438.3 MVA. About 22776 km transmission lines have been extended to 1649 villages out of a total of 1654 villages and about 445235 consumers have been provided with electricity supply. The per capita electricity consumption is 366 KWH and within next three years 100% population of AJK is planned to be provided with power connections. The Government lays great emphasis on generating electricity in order to meet the growing domestic as well as industrial requirements. It has been planned to launch a comprehensive programme for constructing Hydro power stations to exploit this vast potential.



PIPED WATER SUPPLY

At the time of independence, availability of piped water supply was non-existent but significant progress has now been made in this regard. Presently 74% of the urban population and 67% of rural population has been provided with a piped water supply through house connections and public stand posts.


SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE
Health Facilities

Health coverage in Azad Jammu & Kashmir is still inadequate. There are approximately 1880 hospital beds available in the area averaging one bed per 2007 people. The total number of doctors, including administrative doctors, health mangers & dentists is 702 out of which there are 411 medical officers, 69 dental surgeons, 174 specialists and 48 health managers giving an average of 0.185 per 1000 population in respect of doctors, 0.109 Per 1000 Population in respect of medical officers, 0.018 per 1000 Population in respect of dentists, 0.046 per 1000 Pop. in respect of specialists and 0.013 per 1000 pop. in respect of health managers, whereas only 30 hospital beds & 11 dispensaries were available in the area at the time of independence.



Education

Education has been a priority of the Govt. of Azad Jammu & Kashmir as about 26% of its total recurring budget besides 8 % of the total development budget is allocated to this sector. As a result of this substantial investment, AJ&K’s literacy rate is well 64% which is significantly higher than the national average of Pakistan. At present the gross enrolment rate* at primary level is 95% for boys and 88% for girls (between the age of 5-9).

_________________________________________________________

* Including the enrolment in private schools.



Investment Opportunities in Azad Kashmir

The state of Azad Jammu & Kashmir by virtue of its topography, meteorology, hydrology & administrative setup provides huge opportunities of investment in various sectors. Keeping in view the investment potential in AJK the Government is encouraging investment in the following sectors.



Industrial Investment

The Government has adopted the Industrial policy of Federal Govt. according to which all types of industries are allowed to be established in the territory of AJK except Arms & Ammunition, Security printing, Explosive material and Radioactive material.

In order to accelerate the pace of development the department of Industries has established 6 Industrial Estates in various districts of Azad Kashmir with basic infrastructure like roads, water supply, sewerage system, and telephone & electricity facilities. The number of medium & large scale Industries which have already been established in different districts of Azad Kashmir is 1465.

In view of the localized requirement of AJK, there is huge potential for Industries like Food, Hydro power generation, Ready made garments, and Furniture and Plastic products in the area. In order to boost the Industrial Production in AJK, the Govt. is providing incentives to the industrialists including concession in different taxes and providing the energy on cheaper rates for first five years to run the Industries. It will be advisable that detailed feasibility of Industrial products must be carried out for making final decisions of investment.



Development of Cottage Industry and Kashmiri Handicrafts.

There are many investment opportunities in traditional handicrafts of Kashmir. Azad Kashmir Small Industries Corporation (AKSIC) established in 1992, is an official body committed to promote the development of handicrafts and in turn the economic betterment of the working handicraftsmen. AKSIC objective is to educate and assist the working craftsmen to set up and run their business properly. Equipped with God gifted resources and manned with requisite expertise, the AKSIC is committed to honour the buyers’ demands, preferences and requirements.



Mineral Resources.

The Geological environment of AJK comprises generally 3 types of rocks i.e. Sedimentary, Igneous and Metamorphic. The Industrial minerals and base metals are found in all of 3 rocks spreading all over the AJK territory. In AJK mineral exploration activities started in 1973 by AKMIDC, a state owned corporation and emphasis was laid on assessment of potential economic deposits and an analysis of value of the different minerals discovered in the area so far amount to 137.915 million tons.



Hydro Power Generation

Up to 1973-74 electricity facility was available to few villages of District Muzaffarabad & Mirpur. In 1973-74, a phased program was planned to provide electricity to urban & rural population, which is being continued. Under this program, several schemes have been implemented through which electricity distribution network has been expanded up to 98% population of rural areas of AJ&K. Approximately 3,87,000 consumers have been provided service connections under this program.

Against revised ADP 2007-08 allocation of Rs. 650.000 million was utilized for installation of poles and transformers, through which 1,20,000 people of AJ&K were benefited. Several mini hydro projects are at implementation stage. With the completion of these projects, hydro power generation capacity would be increased up to 50 MW in AJ&K.

AJ&K has a potential of generation of 5000 MW of electricity using its natural resources. The Hydro Power projects in AJK under implementation are:-




  1. Private Sector

o Rajdhani Hydro Electric Project 132 MW District Kotli

o New Bong Hydro Electric Project 84 MW District Mirpur

o Bat Dara Hydro Electric Project 10.2 MW District Muzaffarabad

o Hotreri Hydro Electric Project 5.4 MW District Muzaffarabad
Public Sector

o Battar Hydro Electric Project 4.8 MW District Bagh.

o Sharian Hydro Electric Project 3.2 MW District Muzaffarabad

o Sharda Hydro Electric Project 2.0 MW District Neelum

o Dhanan Hydro Electric Project 1.7 MW District Kotli


  1. WAPDA (Power Sector)

o Neelum Jhelum Hydro Electric Project 969 MW AJK, allocation for this project is

10000.00 million in 2008-09.



GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURE


Area

5134 Sq. Miles 13297 Sq Km.

1.330 Million Hectors

3.286 million Acres





Longitude

Latitude

73º ― 75º

33º― 36º


Topography

Mainly hilly and Mountainous with terraces Valleys and Plains at some places.



Climate

Temperature


Sub-tropical highland type

Maximum 45.2 oC

Minimum -2.6 oC




Rainfall

1300 mm on the average




Elevation from sea

 Range from South

 Range from North

360 meters

6325 meters


Snow Line

 in Winter around

 In Summer around

1200 meters

3300 meters

Main Rivers


Jhelum , Neelum & Poonch




AREA & POPULATION-2008
TOTAL AREA OF AZAD JAMMU & KASHMIR 13297 Sq. Kms

(5134 Sq. Miles)
TOTAL POPULATION OF AZAD JAMMU & KASHMIR 3772,000

3.772Million)


DISTRICT-WISE AREA, POPULATION, DENSITY, GROWTH RATE & HOUSEHOLD-SIZE IN AZAD KASHMIR



Districts

Area

(Sq.Kms)

Population Census 1998 (Millions)

Projected Population 2008



Density in2008

(Persons/Sq.Km)



Population

GROWTH RATE


HOUSE-HOLD*

SIZE

MUZAFFARABAD

2496

0.62

2.80%

7.1

0.817

327

NEELUM

3621

0.126

2.80%

7.1

0.166

46

MIRPUR

1010

0.334

2.09%

6.8

0.411

406

BHIMBER

1516

0.302

2.60%

6.7

0.390

257

KOTLI

1862

0.563

2.59%

7.3

0.727

390

POONCH

855

0.411

2.24%

7.6

0.512

599

BAGH

1368

0.393

2.00%

7.4

0.479

350

SUDHNUTI

569

0.224

1.99%

7.3

0.272

478

TOTAL

13297

2.973

2.41%

7.2

3.772

284

Projected on the basis of 1998 census.

Sources:-Population Census Organization Islamabad.

Source: 1998 Census



Population and intercensal increase since 1951



Description

1951

1961

1972

1981

1998

Population (Thousand)

886

1065

1573

1983.47

2972.50

Inter censal increase (Percent)

-

20.16

47.71

26.11

49.86

Commulative increase (Percent)

-

20.16

77.54

123.87

235.50

Average annual

-

1.87

3.43

2.74

2.41

Growth rate (Percent)















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