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Introduction 5 norway’s position in relation to the global challenges 5 main national challenges 7 goals and strategies 7 inter-ministerial cooperation 9 biological diversity in norway 10


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INTRODUCTION 5

NORWAY’S POSITION IN RELATION TO THE GLOBAL CHALLENGES 5

MAIN NATIONAL CHALLENGES 7

GOALS AND STRATEGIES 7

INTER-MINISTERIAL COOPERATION 9

BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IN NORWAY 10

Improving our knowledge of biological diversity 10

Biological diversity in Norway: status report 11

Agricultural landscapes 13

Forest 14

Inland waters 14

Mires and wetlands 15

Mountains 15

Marine and coastal ecosystems 15

The Arctic 16

Causes of habitat, species and population loss 18

Land use 18

Pollution 19

Over-exploitation 20

Breeding of crops and livestock 21

Introduction of alien species 22



CONTRIBUTION OF THE VARIOUS SECTORS TO IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONVENTION 22

ENVIRONMENT 22

Responsibilities of the environmental authorities 23

Conservation of particular areas pursuant to the Nature Conservation Act 23

Protection of river systems 24

Conservation and sustainable use of species 25

Species management in the Norwegian Arctic 27

Cross-sectoral work by the Ministry of the Environment 28

AGRICULTURE 30

Existing goals 30

Experience and action since the Convention entered into force 30

Agriculture 30

Forestry 33

Reindeer husbandry 34

Challenges and planned action 35

Agriculture 35

Reindeer husbandry 36

FISHERIES 36

Existing goals 36

Experience and action since the Convention entered into force 37

Aquaculture 38

Challenges and planned action 39

TRANSPORT 40

Existing goals 40

Experience and action since the Convention entered into force 40

Roads 40


Railways 41

Aviation 42

Challenges and planned action 42

Roads 42


Railways 42

Aviation 42



DEFENCE 43

Existing goals 43

Experience and action since the Convention entered into force 44

Challenges and planned action 46



PETROLEUM AND ENERGY 46

Existing goals 46

Watercourse management and electricity supplies 46

Petroleum activities 47

Experience and action since the Convention entered into force 48

Watercourse management and electricity supplies 48

Petroleum activities 48

Challenges and planned action 49

Watercourse management and electricity supplies 49

Petroleum activities 49



TRADE AND INDUSTRY 50

EDUCATION AND RESEARCH 51

Education 51

Museums 52

The Research Council of Norway 53



ACTIVITIES AT LOCAL LEVEL 53

Existing goals 53

Experience and action since the Convention entered into force 53

Challenges and planned action 55



THE SAMI PEOPLE 55

DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL WORK 57

Existing goals and activities 57

Implementation of the Convention 57

Multilateral development cooperation 57

Bilateral development cooperation 58

Agreements on biological diversity 58

Experience and action since the Convention entered into force 59

Measures under the Convention on biological diversity 59

Bilateral development cooperation 59

Challenges and planned action 63



EXPERIENCE GAINED IN 1993-1997 63


NORWAY’S NATIONAL REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY


INTRODUCTION 5

NORWAY’S POSITION IN RELATION TO THE GLOBAL CHALLENGES 5

MAIN NATIONAL CHALLENGES 7

GOALS AND STRATEGIES 7

INTER-MINISTERIAL COOPERATION 9

BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IN NORWAY 10

Improving our knowledge of biological diversity 10

Biological diversity in Norway: status report 11

Agricultural landscapes 13

Forest 14

Inland waters 14

Mires and wetlands 15

Mountains 15

Marine and coastal ecosystems 15

The Arctic 16

Causes of habitat, species and population loss 18

Land use 18

Pollution 19

Over-exploitation 20

Breeding of crops and livestock 21

Introduction of alien species 22



CONTRIBUTION OF THE VARIOUS SECTORS TO IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONVENTION 22

ENVIRONMENT 22

Responsibilities of the environmental authorities 23

Conservation of particular areas pursuant to the Nature Conservation Act 23

Protection of river systems 24

Conservation and sustainable use of species 25

Species management in the Norwegian Arctic 27

Cross-sectoral work by the Ministry of the Environment 28

AGRICULTURE 30

Existing goals 30

Experience and action since the Convention entered into force 30

Agriculture 30

Forestry 33

Reindeer husbandry 34

Challenges and planned action 35

Agriculture 35

Reindeer husbandry 36

FISHERIES 36

Existing goals 36

Experience and action since the Convention entered into force 37

Aquaculture 38

Challenges and planned action 39

TRANSPORT 40

Existing goals 40

Experience and action since the Convention entered into force 40

Roads 40


Railways 41

Aviation 42

Challenges and planned action 42

Roads 42


Railways 42

Aviation 42



DEFENCE 43

Existing goals 43

Experience and action since the Convention entered into force 44

Challenges and planned action 46



PETROLEUM AND ENERGY 46

Existing goals 46

Watercourse management and electricity supplies 46

Petroleum activities 47

Experience and action since the Convention entered into force 48

Watercourse management and electricity supplies 48

Petroleum activities 48

Challenges and planned action 49

Watercourse management and electricity supplies 49

Petroleum activities 49



TRADE AND INDUSTRY 50

EDUCATION AND RESEARCH 51

Education 51

Museums 52

The Research Council of Norway 53



ACTIVITIES AT LOCAL LEVEL 53

Existing goals 53

Experience and action since the Convention entered into force 53

Challenges and planned action 55



THE SAMI PEOPLE 55

DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL WORK 57

Existing goals and activities 57

Implementation of the Convention 57

Multilateral development cooperation 57

Bilateral development cooperation 58

Agreements on biological diversity 58

Experience and action since the Convention entered into force 59

Measures under the Convention on biological diversity 59

Bilateral development cooperation 59

Challenges and planned action 63



EXPERIENCE GAINED IN 1993-1997 63
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