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United Nations

A/HRC/27/72



General Assembly

Distr.: General

20 August 2014


English/French/Spanish only
Human Rights Council
Twenty-seventh session

Agenda items 3, 4, 7, 9 and 10



Promotion and protection of all human rights, civil,
political, economic, social and cultural rights,
including the right to development


Human rights situations that require the Council’s attention

Human rights situation in Palestine and other
occupied Arab territories


Racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related
forms of intolerance, follow-up to and implementation
of the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action


Technical assistance and capacity-building

Communications report of Special Procedures*

Communications sent, 1 March to 31 May 2014;
Replies received, 1 May to 31 July 2014


Joint report by the Special Rapporteur on adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living, and on the right to non-discrimination in this context; the Working Group on people of African descent; the Working Group on arbitrary detention; Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Belarus; the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Cambodia; the Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights; the Independent expert on the promotion of a democratic and equitable international order; the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea; the Special Rapporteur on the right to education; the Independent Expert on the issue of human rights obligations relating to the enjoyment of a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment; the Working Group on enforced or involuntary disappearances; the Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights; the Special Rapporteur on the right to food; the Independent expert on the effects of foreign debt and other related international financial obligations of States on the full enjoyment of human rights, particularly economic, social and cultural rights; the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression; the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association; the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief; the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Haiti; the Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health; the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders; the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers; the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples; the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons; the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran; the Working Group on the use of mercenaries as a means of violating human rights and impeding the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination; the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants; the Special Rapporteur on minority issues; the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar; the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Palestinian territories occupied since 1967; the Special Rapporteur on the promotion of truth, justice, reparation & guarantees of non-recurrence; the Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance; the Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography; the Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery, including its causes and consequences; the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Somalia; the Independent Expert on the situation on human rights in the Sudan; the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions; the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism; the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; Special Rapporteur on the implications for human rights of the environmentally sound management and disposal of hazardous substances and wastes; the Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, especially women and children; the Working Group on the issue of human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises; the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences; the Working Group on the issue of discrimination against women in law and in practice; and the Special Rapporteur on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation.

Contents


Paragraphs Page

Abbreviations 4

I. Introduction 1–9 6

II. Communications sent and replies received 10-11 9

A. Communications sent between 1 March and 31 May 2014 and replies
received between 1 May and 31 July 2014 10 9

B. Replies received between 1 May and 31 July 2014


relating to communications sent before 1 March 2014 11 77

Appendix


Mandates of special procedures 89

Abbreviations

Adequate housing

Special Rapporteur on adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living, and on the right to non-discrimination in this context

African Descent

Arbitrary detention



Working Group on people of African descent

Working Group on Arbitrary Detention



Belarus

Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Belarus

Burundi

Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Burundi

Business enterprises

Working Group on the issue of human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises

Cambodia

Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Cambodia

Central Africa

Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in the Central African Republic

Côte d'Ivoire

Independent expert on the situation of human rights in Côte d’Ivoire

Cultural Rights

Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights

Democratic and equitable international order

Independent expert on the promotion of a democratic and equitable international order

Disappearances

Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances

Discrimination against women

Working Group on the issue of discrimination against women in law and in practice

DPR Korea

Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

Education

Special Rapporteur on the right to education

Environment

Independent Expert on the issue of human rights obligations relating to the enjoyment of a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment

Eritrea

Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea

Extreme poverty

Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights

Food

Special Rapporteur on the right to food

Foreign debt

Independent expert on the effects of foreign debt and other related international financial obligations of States on the full enjoyment of human rights, particularly economic, social and cultural rights

Freedom of expression

Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression

Freedom of peaceful assembly and of association

Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association

Freedom of religion

Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief

Haiti

Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Haiti

Health

Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health

Human rights defenders

Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders

Independence of judges and lawyers

Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers

Indigenous peoples

Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples

Internally displaced persons

Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons

International Solidarity

Independent Expert on Human Rights and International solidarity

Iran

Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran

Mali

Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Mali

Mercenaries

Working Group on the use of mercenaries

Migrants

Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants

Minority issues

Independent Expert on Minority Issues

Myanmar

Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar

OPT

Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Palestinian territories occupied since 1967

Older persons

Independent Expert on the enjoyment of all human rights by older persons

Racism

Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance

Sale of children

Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography

Slavery

Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery

Somalia

Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Somalia

Sudan

Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in the Sudan

Summary executions

Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions

Terrorism

Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism

Torture

Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

Toxic waste

Special Rapporteur on the implications for human rights of the environmentally sound management and disposal of hazardous substances and wastes

Trafficking

Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, especially women and children

Truth justice, reparation & guarantees on non-recurrence

Special Rapporteur on the promotion of truth, justice, reparation & guarantees of non-recurrence

Violence against women

Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences

Water and Sanitation

Special Rapporteur on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation

Other abbreviations

AL

Letter of allegation

JAL

Joint letter of allegation

JUA

Joint urgent appeal

OL

Other letter

UA

Urgent appeal

I. Introduction

1. Special procedures are mandated by the Human Rights Council to report to it on their activities (see Appendix).

2. In 2009, the sixteenth annual meeting of special procedures mandate holders decided that a joint communications report would be prepared (cf. A/HRC/12/47, para 24-26), with this decision being reconfirmed by the seventeenth annual meeting of special procedures in 2010 in order to avoid duplication, rationalize documentation, allow examination of cross cutting issues and ensure that the content of communications and any follow-up would feed into the universal periodic review mechanism more effectively. Mandate holders decided that the report should contain summaries of communications, and statistical information (A/HRC/15/44, para. 26-27).

3. The Outcome of the review of the work and functioning of the Human Rights Council calls on the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights to maintain information on special procedures in a comprehensive and easily accessible manner, and encourages the use of modern information technology to reduce the circulation of paper (A/HRC/RES/16/21, Annex, para. 29 and 60).

4. Short summaries of allegations communicated to the respective State or other entity are included in the report, and the communications sent and responses received are accessible electronically through hyperlinks. Communications are reproduced in the language in which they were sent. Replies received in Arabic, Chinese or Russian are included with translations into English, where available.

5. This report covers all urgent appeals, letters of allegations and other letters sent by special procedures mandate holders between 1 March and 31 May 2014 and replies received between 1 May and 31 July 2014. Communications sent before 1 March 2014 are reported in A/HRC/26/21, A/HRC/25/74, A/HRC/24/21, A/HRC/23/51, A/HRC/22/67, A/HRC/22/67 corr.1 and corr.2, A/HRC/21/49, A/HRC/20/30, A/HRC/19/44 and A/HRC/18/51 respectively.

6. The report also includes replies received between 1 May and 31 July 2014, relating to communications sent by special procedures mandate holders before 1 March 2014. Some of these replies supplement information communicated earlier by the respective State.

7. The present report contains urgent appeals sent by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention and the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances and joint urgent appeals sent by them together with other mandates. It does not contain other types of communications issued by these mandates, which are processed according to their own distinctive procedures, and are reported in the annual reports of these two working groups.

8. The names of some alleged victims have been obscured in order to protect their privacy and prevent further victimization. Names of victims who would otherwise have their identities protected are mentioned only when the concerned individual has expressly consented or requested to have his or her name in the public report. In the original communications, the full names of the alleged victims were provided to the Government concerned. Names of alleged perpetrators have systematically been darkened in State replies to preserve the presumption of innocence.

9. In preparing the statistics included in this report, uniform reporting periods have been used, reflecting all communications sent between 1 March and 31 May 2014, and responses received in relation to these communications up to 31 July 2014.



Communications and replies by mandate

Mandate

Reporting period:
1 March to 31 May 2014


Reporting period:
1 June 2006 to 31 May 2014


Communications sent

replied to by 31 July 2014

response rate

Communications sent

replied to by 31 July 2014

response rate

Adequate housing

8

4

50%

262

119

45%

African descent

0

0

0%

4

2

50%

Arbitrary detention (+)

41

16

39%

1,109

599

54%

Belarus**

0

0

0%

6

4

67%

Burundi*

0

0

0%

6

0

0%

Business enterprises

3

1

33%

22

13

59%

Cambodia

1

0

0%

21

3

14%

Cultural Rights

4

1

25%

25

18

72%

Democratic and equitable international order

1

1

100%

3

2

67 %

Disappearances (+)

12

8

67%

255

110

43%

Discrimination against women in law and in practice

3

1

33%

59

37

63%

DPR Korea

0

0

0%

7

1

14%

Education

0

0

0%

62

37

6%

Environment

1

1

100%

5

3

60%

Eritrea

1

0

0%

1

0

0%

Extreme poverty

5

3

60%

34

22

65%

Food

5

2

40%

198

74

37%

Foreign debt

2

1

50%

10

7

70%

Freedom of expression

78

29

37%

2,158

1,097

51%

Freedom of peaceful assembly and of association

64

24

38%

579

321

55%

Freedom of religion

18

8

44%

348

200

57%

Haiti

1

0

0%

5

0

0%

Health

27

12

44%

344

187

54%

Human rights defenders

75

26

35 %

2,414

1,327

55%

Independence of judges and lawyers

28

11

39%

902

459

51 %

Indigenous peoples

11

5

45%

301

178

59%

Internally displaced persons

1

0

0%

17

5

29%

Iran

7

2

29 %

65

26

40%

Liberia

0

0

0%

2

0

0%

Mercenaries

5

2

40%

63

22

35%

Migrants

8

2

25%

175

110

63%

Minority issues

8

2

25%

159

89

56%

Myanmar

3

2

67%

87

43

49%

OPT

3

0

0%

19

1

5%

Racism

3

2

67%

92

55

60%

Sale of children

0

0

0%

41

17

41%

Slavery

1

0

0%

25

19

76%

Somalia

0

0

0%

11

1

9%

Sudan

2

0

0%

20

3

15%

Summary executions

25

5

20%

994

467

47%

Terrorism

4

1

25%

226

100

44%

Torture

47

20

43%

1,729

909

53%

Toxic waste

0

0

0%

34

20

59%

Trafficking

1

0

0%

60

37

62%

Truth, justice, reparation & guarantees on non-rec

3

1

33%

15

6

40%

Violence against women

15

3

20%

420

222

53%

Water and Sanitation

8

2

25%

47

25

53%

(*) mandate terminated; (**) mandate re-established in June 2012.

(+) These figures do not include communications on standard cases sent to Governments by the Working Group on arbitrary detention and the Working Group on enforced or involuntary disappearances.

Please note: Totals are higher than the actual number of communications sent or replies received in the given period, as many communications are sent jointly by two or more mandate holders.

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