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Gef medium Sized Project Grant Proposal sustainable land management in the zambian miombo woodland ecosystem


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GEF Medium Sized Project

sustainable land management in the zambian miombo woodland ecosystem


Table of Contents
PROJECT SUMMARY 1
DETAILED PROJECT DESCRIPTION 6
A. PROJECT DESCRIPTION 6
PROJECT RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES 6

CURRENT SITUATION 8

EXPECTED PROJECT OUTCOMES 10

PROJECT ACTIVITIES TO ACHIEVE OUTCOMES 11

SUSTAINABILITY ANALYSIS AND RISK ASSESSMENT 16

STAKEHOLDER INVOLVEMENT AND SOCIAL ASSESSMENT 17


B. INCREMENTAL COSTS ASSESSMENT 18

BASELINE PROJECT 18

GEF ALTERNATIVE 18

INCREMENTAL BENEFITS 18

INCREMENTAL COSTS 19
C. PROJECT BUDGET 19
BUDGET 19
D. IMPLEMENTATION PLAN 20
PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION 20

PROCUREMENT 22


E. PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT PLAN 22
STAKEHOLDER IDENTIFICATION AND PARTICIPATION 22

INFORMATION DISSEMINATION AND CONSULTATION 22


F. MONITORING AND EVALUATION PLAN 23

APPENDICES
Appendix 1. Logical Framework 25

Appendix 2. Agro-ecological Zones of Zambia 27

Appendix 3. The Project Area 28

Appendix 4. Carbon Sequestration as a Result of a Shift to Conservation Farming 29

Appendix 5. Some Technical Characteristics of Conservation Farming and Integrated Ecosystem Management 31

Appendix 6. Description of the Approach Envisaged to Enable Farmers to Obtain the Required Inputs for Conservation Farming and Integrated Ecosystem Management 33

Appendix 7. Detailed Budget 34



GEF Medium Sized Project

sustainable land management in the zambian miombo woodland ecosystem




List of Acronyms

ASIP: Agricultural Sector Investment Program

CF: Conservation Farming

CFU: Conservation Farming Unit

DAPP: Development Action from People for People

ESP: Environmental Support Project

FAO: Food and Agricultural Organisation

FFS: Farmer Field School

GRZ: Government of the Republic of Zambia

ICRAF: International Centre for Research in Agroforestry

IEM: Integrated Ecosystem Management

IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development

MAFF: Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries

NEAP: National Environmental Action Plan

SFI: Soil Fertility Initiative

SIDA: Swedish International Development Agency

PEA: Participatory Extension Approach

UNDP: United Nations Development Program

SHEMP: Smallholder Enterprise and Marketing Programme

WB: World Bank



ZNFU: Zambia National Farmers’ Union

GEF Medium Sized Project

gRANT pROPoSAL

sustainable land management in the zambian miombo woodland ecosystem



1 In line with the nomenclature currently used in Zambia, PEA is used in this document to describe one particular type of participatory extension.

1 The average amount of carbon stored in an area under chitemene is 13.1 tonnes/ha, and, on average, 28 ha of chitemene is required to sustain 1 ha of cultivated land. In the case of CF and IEM, with 1 ha under continuous cultivation and another ha used for various other purposes, such as agroforestry, the average carbon content on a 28 ha area is 18.8 tonnes/ha (assuming that in the 26 ha not used for agricultural purposes the climax vegetation will return). This means that a shift in land use system by 6,000 farmers will have an impact on 28 times 6,000 = 168,000 ha. The total carbon sequestrated by this change in land use system will be (18.8-13.1) times 168,000 = 958,000 tonnes. Assuming a value per tonne C sequestrated of US$5, the economic benefits related to the carbon sequestration are about US$4,790,000. This carbon sequestration will be achieved gradually in a period of about 20 years, being the time required for the woodlands affected by chitemene slash-and-burn to return to their climax level of carbon contents per ha (20 tonnes/ha).

1 MAFF will also explore the possible interest of universities and research institutes in using the project area to develop improved tools for monitoring carbon storage at the ecosystem level.

1 Most farmers cultivate a total area of about one ha. Some farmers may have an additional area for agroforestry or livestock keeping and other, relatively well off farmers (“emergent farmers”) will have an additional plot of cash crops (such as tobacco, vegetables, sunflower).

1 It is envisaged that 2 Master trainers will be engaged on a full time basis (who will each receive one month to prepare their contribution) and 10 Master trainers will participate part-time (they will each contribute for about 2 weeks to the TOT programme and will receive 2 weeks of preparation time).

2 Two persons for 10 weeks and 10 persons for 2 weeks.

3 The figure of US$ 15 a day is an average, some participants will be resident to the town where the course is held and will not need DSA and lodging.

4 The budget of the FFSs includes a US$ 50 facilitation fund to be managed by the extension staff.

5 All 50 extension staff will organise 2 FFS per year, with each FFS taking approximately one morning per two weeks for the period August – April. The subsequent contribution of the GRZ is valued at US$ 350 per staff per year (for 3 years).

1 The project will give a matching grant of US$ 17 / tonne lime. The total costs of lime at the farm level will amount to US$ 34 / tonne (US$ 17 / tonne raw material + US$ 4 for bagging + US$ 14 for transport).

2 District fund managed by the district level project manager.

3 Mid-term evaluation would be combined with technical backstopping on conservation farming, integrated ecosystem management and implementation of FFS.



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