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Gbv assessment Tools


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IRC Assessment ToolKit – 2011

GBV Assessment Tools



Part 1: SAFETY AUDIT

Note: This tool is based upon observation. It may or may not be relevant in all contexts. In areas of insecurity, you should not fill in the questionnaire while walking around the site/community; rather, take mental note of questions and observations and fill in the form later, after leaving the site/community.
Team:
Geographic location:
Overall Layout Problem? Comments

Night lighting Yes No _________________________________________________________
Walkways/movement Yes No _________________________________________________________
Overcrowding Yes No _________________________________________________________
Observations related to movements of women and girls outside the camp for water, firewood, etc.:

Water and Sanitation Problem? Comments

Water points Yes No _________________________________________________________
Latrines Yes No _________________________________________________________
Showers Yes No _________________________________________________________

Household Problem? Comments

Safety/privacy Yes No _________________________________________________________
Cooking spaces Yes No _________________________________________________________
Community Presence? Comments

Schools Yes No _________________________________________________________
Markets Yes No _________________________________________________________

Presence of actors Presence? Comments

State military Yes No _________________________________________________________
Other armed actors Yes No _________________________________________________________
Barriers/checkpoints Yes No _________________________________________________________

Other Comments


Part 2: SERVICE MAPPING

Note: This tool is for use during interviews with service providers.
Team:
Geographic location:


  1. Organization :




  1. Did you provide services before the crisis? Yes No




  1. What type of services do you provide to survivors of GBV?

 Health

 Psychosocial / case management

 Legal

 Protection/ security



 Sensitization / prevention
Health
Geographic location:


  1. What type of medical personnel work for your organization here?

 Nurses: How many? _____

 Doctors: How many? _____

 Midwives: How many? _____

 Gynecologists: How many? _____

 Surgeons: How many? _____


  1. Do you have GBV focal points? Yes No




  1. Have the medical personnel received any specialized training on clinical care for survivors of GBV?

Yes No


  1. Have the medical personnel received any specialized training on the provision of care for child survivors of GBV?

Yes No


  1. Do you have complete post-rape kits available? Yes No

 PPE

 Emergency contraception

 STI medicines

 Hepatitis B vaccination

 Tetanus vaccination


  1. Do you have trained social workers on staff? Yes No




  1. Do they have a safe, confidential space to receive survivors? Yes No


Psychosocial
Geographic location:


  1. What specific services do you provide?

 Basic emotional support

 Case management / psychosocial support

 Group activities

 Other? ____________________________________________________________________________




  1. Do you have a safe, confidential space to receive survivors? Yes No




  1. Do you have a maison d’ecoute to receive survivors? Yes No




  1. What specific age groups do your activities serve?

 Children

 Young adolescents (10-14)

 Older adolescents (15-18)

 Adult women (18+)




  1. Are your psychosocial services provided by:

 Trained volunteers

 Partners (NGO, CBO, etc.)

 Staff of your organization


  1. If you work with local NGOs/CBOs, what organizations are they and how many practitioners do they have on staff?


  1. What kind of training have your volunteers and social workers received?



Safety and protection
Geographic location:


  1. What specific services do you provide?

 Safety and security planning for survivors

 Safe houses

 Patrols

 Others? ____________________________________________________________________________




  1. What specific age groups do your activities serve?

 Children

 Young adolescents (10-14)

 Older adolescents (15-18)

 Adult women (18+)



Difficulties / Challenges


  1. What are the significant challenges your organization faces in service provision?



  1. Do you turn away women and girls because of a lack of available resources? Yes No



Other Comments

Contact Person for the Organization

Name: ______________________________________________________


Telephone: _______________________________
Email: ___________________________________
Part 3: KEY INFORMANT INTERVIEW

Note: This tool is for use during key informant interviews. The team should identify key informants before beginning the assessment. Individual interviews take time; you should take into account the available resources and time during the prioritization of key informants to be targeted. Some of these questions are sensitive; you should review ethical considerations prior to the interview, particularly considering the security of both parties. It is possible to take out some questions if necessary due to security or other concerns. Fill out the relevant sections in regards to your key informant.
Team:

Interview date: _______________________ Place of interview: ___________________________

Translation necessary for the interview: Yes No

If yes, the translation was from ____________________(language) to ____ (language)

Key informant’s role in the community: _____________________________________________________
Sex of key informant: Male Female
Age of key informant:

Important note: It is extremely unlikely that you will need to or be prepared to involve children in information collection as part of this rapid assessment. Be sure to revisit the WHO guidelines and to think through other means of gathering relevant information regarding the situation for girls under 18.

 10-14 years

 15-19 years

 20-24 years

 25-40 years

 Over 40 years


General Information


  1. Is the concerned population displaced as a result of the crisis? Yes No




  1. What kind of community does the concerned population live in since the crisis?

 Organized camp

 In a host community

 Unorganized settlement

 Public building (school, abandoned building, etc.)

 Returnees living in village/home of origin

 Returnees in a secondary displacement




  1. If the population lives in an organized camp, the camp is managed by which of the following:

 Government

 Armed forces

 UN agency

 NGO


 Private individual/organization

 Other – If “other,” please specify:




  1. Are there reports of unaccompanied children in this community? Yes No


Access to Basic Services


  1. What services are safely available to adult women in the camp? If relevant, please note the organization offering these services.

 Food aid / food distributions ___________________________

 Shelter ___________________________

 Non-food items ___________________________

 Health care (including reproductive health) ___________________________

 Hygiene/dignity kits ___________________________

 Education ___________________________

 Women-friendly spaces ___________________________

 Clean water ___________________________

 Latrines ___________________________

 Other – If “other,” please specify:




  1. What services are safely available to child and adolescent girls in the camp? If relevant, please note the organization offering these services.

 Food aid / food distributions ___________________________

 Shelter ___________________________

 Non-food items ___________________________

 Health care (including reproductive health) ___________________________

 Hygiene/dignity kits ___________________________

 Education ___________________________

 Women-friendly spaces ___________________________

 Clean water ___________________________

 Latrines ___________________________

 Other – If “other,” please specify:




  1. What are some reasons that girl children, adolescent girls, or adult women are unable to access some of these services?

 Priority is given to men

 No female staff providing services

 Lack of sufficient medicines at health facilities

 Unsafe for girls/women to travel to service locations

 Girls/women not permitted to access their services by their families

 Not safe for girls/women to travel to the service sites

 Locations of services are not convenient for girls/women

 Hours are not convenient for girls/women

 Other – If “other,” please specify:



  1. Do girls and women go outside the community to earn income to meet basic needs? Yes No




  1. How are women and girls doing to generate income to meet basic needs? (Select all that apply.)

 Begging

 Collecting firewood

 Collecting straw

 Having sex in exchange for money

 Domestic work

 Other – If “other,” please specify:




  1. Do women and girls usually travel outside the community in groups or alone?

 Alone/individually

 In groups


Security and Safety of Women and Girls


  1. What are the most significant safety and security concerns facing adult women in this community? (Check all that apply.)

 No safe place in the community

 Sexual violence/abuse

 Violence in the home

 Risk of attack when traveling outside the community

 Being asked to marry by their families

 Trafficking

 Unable to access services and resources

 Don’t Know

 Other – If “other,” please specify:


  1. What are the most significant safety and security concerns facing child and adolescent girls in this community? (Check all that apply.)

 No safe place in the community

 Sexual violence/abuse

 Violence in the home

 Risk of attack when traveling outside the community

 Being asked to marry by their families

 Trafficking

 Unable to access services and resources

 Don’t Know

 Other – If “other,” please specify:


  1. Has there been an increase in security concerns affecting girls and women since the emergency?

Yes No


  1. Has there been a noticeable increase in rape/sexual violence being reported since the emergency occurred?

Yes No


  1. What types of violence have women reported?



  1. What types of violence have adolescent girls reported, if different from above?



  1. What types of violence have girl children reported, if different from above?


  1. In what context in the community does rape/sexual violence occur? (Select all that apply.)

 At home

 When girls/women are traveling to the market

 At latrines/bathing facilities

 When girls/women are collecting firewood

 At school

 When collecting water

 When going to access services (food aid, etc.)

 Don’t Know

 Other – If “other,” please specify:


  1. To whom do women most often go for help, when they’ve been victims of some form of violence?

 Family member

 Community leader

 Police

 NGO


 UN Agency

 Friend


 Don’t Know

 Other – If “other,” please specify:




  1. To whom do child and adolescent girls most often go for help, when they’ve been victims of some form of violence?

 Family member

 Community leader

 Police

 NGO working with women

 Any female aid worker

 UN Agency

 Friend

 Teacher

 Don’t Know

 Other – If “other,” please specify:




  1. Are there reports of sexual abuse or exploitation of girls and women? Yes No




  1. Do any of the following groups have access to the camp or community?

 Military

 Informal militia groups

 Police

 Peacekeepers

 None of the above


  1. If yes, are there reports of sexual abuse or exploitation involving members from any of these groups?

Yes No


  1. What safety measures have been put in place by police and/or peacekeeping forces to minimize any potential for risk to girls and women?

 Police/peacekeeping patrols around the community

 Community safely groups

 Firewood collection patrols

 Educating girls/women on how to report incidents

 Increased number of female staff

 Don’t know

 Other – If “other,” please specify:


  1. Are there safe shelters or places that adult women can to go to if they feel unsafe? Yes No




  1. Are there safe shelters or places that adolescent girls can to go to if they feel unsafe? Yes No




  1. Are there safe shelters or places that girl children can to go to if they feel unsafe? Yes No


Health Response to GBV


  1. Are health services available for girls and women in the community/ camp? Yes No




  1. If yes, do girls and women have access to the health services at anytime? Yes No




  1. Are there female doctors, nurses and/or midwives at the health facilities? Yes No




  1. What are some reasons that girl or women survivors of GBV may not be able to access health services?

 Fear of being identified as survivors

 Distance to health facility

 No female staff

 No availability of confidential treatment

 Lack of trained staff

 Don’t know

 Other – If “other,” please specify:
Psychosocial Response to GBV


  1. Are there psychological and/or social support systems for adult women survivors? Yes No




  1. If yes, what kinds of support systems are available to adult women survivors? (Select all that apply.)

 Drop-in Centers

 Peer Support groups

 Case management with individual counseling

 Skills building

 Education

 Income-generating activities/vocational training

 Mental health referrals

 Other – If “other,” please specify:




  1. Are there psychological and/or social support systems for girl-child and adolescent girl survivors?

Yes No


  1. If yes, what kinds of support systems are available to girl-child and adolescent girl survivors? (Select all that apply.)

 Drop-in Centers

 Peer Support groups

 Case management with individual counseling

 Skills building

 Education

 Income-generating activities/vocational training

 Mental health referrals

 Other – If “other,” please specify:




  1. Is there a functional referral system between health providers and organizations providing psychological or social support? Yes No




  1. Are there informal community-based networks of women? Yes No




  1. What are some reasons that girl or women survivors of GBV may not be able to access psychosocial support services?

 Fear of being identified as survivors

 Distance to facility

 No female staff

 No availability of confidential support

 Lack of trained staff

 Don’t know

 Other – If “other,” please specify:

Part 4: FOCUS GROUP DISCUSSION
Note: This tool should be used during small group discussions. The team should ensure participants that all information shared within the discussion will remain confidential; if the secretary takes down notes, s/he will not have any information identifying or associating individuals with responses. Some of these questions are sensitive. You should take all potential ethical concerns into consideration before the discussion. Ask the group to respect confidentiality and not to divulge any information outside of the discussion. The group should be made of like members – community leaders, women, youth, etc. – should not include more than 10 to 12 participants, and should not last more than one to one-and-a-half hours.


Focus group discussion facilitator:



Secretary (if applicable):

Geographic region:


Date: _______________________ Location: _______________________

Translation necessary for the interview: Yes No
If yes, the translation was from ____________________ (language) to ____ (language)


Sex of FGD participants: Male Female

Age of FGD participants:

 10-14 years

 15-19 years

 20-24 years

 25-40 years

 Over 40 years


Essential STEPS & INFORMATION before Starting the FOCUS GROUP DISCUSSION


Introduce all facilitators and translators


Present the purpose of the discussion:


  • General information about your organization

  • Purpose of the focus group discussion is to understand concerns and needs for women and girls

  • Participation is voluntary

  • No one is obligated to respond to any questions if s/he does not wish

  • Participants can leave the discussion at any time

  • No one is obligated to share names or personal experiences if s/he does not wish

  • Be respectful when others speak

  • The facilitator might interrupt discussion, but only to ensure that everyone has an opportunity to speak and no one person dominates the discussion



Agree on confidentiality:

  • Keep all discussion confidential

  • Do not share details of the discussion later, whether with people who are present or not

  • If someone asks, explain that you were speaking about the health problems of women and girls


Ask permission to take notes:

  • No one’s identify will be mentioned

  • The purpose of the notes is to ensure that the information collected is precise


QUESTIONS
A. We would like to ask you a few questions about the security of women and girls after the crisis:


  1. In this community is there a place where women and girls worry about their security? (Day? Night?) What is it that makes this place dangerous?


  1. From whom can women and girls seek assistance in case of a security problem?


  1. According to you, what could be done in this community to create a safe environment for women and girls?


  1. Describe what kinds of violence women and girls faced during the crisis (not only acts of violence committed by armed actors). Adapt this question to reflect the specific context.


  1. What happens to the actors of these acts of violence against women and girls? How are they punished ?


  1. Without mentioning names or indicating any one means, according to you which group(s) of women and girls feels the most insecure or the most exposed to risks of violence? Why? Which group(s) of women and girls feels the most secure? Why?


  1. How does the family treat a woman or a girl who was the victim of rape or sexual assault? How do they support her?


  1. What do women and girls do to protect themselves from violence? What does the community do to protect them?


B. We would like to ask you some questions about the services and assistance available since the crisis:


  1. When a woman or girl is the victim of violence, where does she feel safe and comfortable going to receive medical treatment?



  1. Are there other services or support (counseling, women’s groups, legal aid, etc.) available for women and girls that are victims of violence?

C. We would like to ask you questions about a possible incident: Develop a short, contextually appropriate case study in which a woman is raped and is afraid to tell her family about what happened. Use this to frame the below questions. Be sure that the case study does not use a specific name for the woman, so it is clear that this exercise is hypothetical and is not linked to anyone specific in the community.


  1. How many of you believe women who have experienced violence similar to that experienced by this woman?



  1. Why do women and girls hesitate to share experiences like this with other people?




  1. Where could this woman go to receive appropriate assistance? What kind of assistance and support could she receive?


CONCLUDE THE DISCUSSION


  • Thank participants for their time and their contributions.

  • Remind participants that the purpose of this discussion was to better understand the needs and concerns of women and girls since the crisis.

  • Remind participants of their agreement to confidentiality.

  • Remind participants not to share information or the names of other participants with others in the community.

  • Ask participants if they have questions.

  • If anyone wishes to speak in private, respond that the facilitator and secretary will be available after the meeting.

.




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