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Electronic Supplementary Material S2 to Miehe et al. / Tangra Yumco: Alpine steppes: high montane communities around Targo Xian


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Electronic Supplementary Material S2 to Miehe et al. / Tangra Yumco:

Alpine steppes: high montane communities around Targo Xian

Cover estimates in per cent



Record number

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

Number of flowering species

18

27

24

24

20

28

22

18

15

Vegetation cover (%)

25

20

20

25

15

25

30

30

30

Stipa purpurea

1

2

1

10

5

1

+

+

4

Kobresia macrantha

5

.

+

+

.

1

3

10

3

Artemisia prattii

5

5

+

1

.

2

12

12

.

Heteropappus semiprostratus/ gouldii

.

1

+

1

.

+

+

+

.

Poa araratica ssp. psilolepis

.

+

+

+

.

1

+

1

.

Astragalus tribulifolius

.

r

r

r

.

+

1

.

1

Rhodiola smithii

+

+

.

+

.

+

.

+

.

Allium fasciculatum

.

1

+

r

.

r

+

+.

.

Pedicularis alaschanica

.

+

.

.

+

+

.

+

+

Oxytropis microphylla

.

.

+

+

+

.

+

.

+

Lasiocaryum munroi

+

+

+

+

.

.

.

.

.

Saussurea leontodontoides

+

+

.

+

+

.

.

.

.

Potentilla bifurca s.l.

+

.

+

.

1

.

.

6

.

Cryptothladia kokonorica


.

1

3

.

.

2

+

.

.

Dracocephalum heterophyllum

.

1

+

.

1

.

+

.

.

Leontopodium pusillum/ nanum

.

+

4

+

+

.

.

.

.

Swertia hispidicalyx

.

+

+

+

.

2

.

.

.

Kobresia stolonifera

.

+

.

+

.

1

1

.

.

Elymus schrenkianus

.

+

.

.

.

.

1

+

1

Chenopodium nepalense

.

r

.

.

.

r

1

+

.

Pennisetum flaccidum


.

.

1

.

.

3

1

+

.

Sinochasea trigyna

1

1

.

+

.

.

.

.

.

Carex montis-everestii

+

+

.

+

.

.

.

.

.

Artemisia younghusbandii

+

.

.

.

+

.

.

+

.

Arenaria bryophylla

3

.

.

+

.

.

.

.

.

Anaphalis xylorhiza

1

+

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Incarvillea younghusbandii

.

1

r

1

.

.

.

.

.

Androsace tapete

.

+

+

.

1

.

.

.

.

Chamaerhodos sabulosa

.

r

r

+

.

.

.

.

.

Oxytropis williamsii

.

+

r

.

.

.

.

.

.

Heracleum millefolium v. millefolium

.

+

.

+

.

.

.

.

.

Youngia simulatrix

.

.

+

.

+

.

.

.

.

Phlomis younghusbandii


.

1

.

.

.

+

+

.

.

Thermopsis lanceolata


.

.

+

.

.

+

4

.

.

Stipa koelzii

.

.

+

.

.

.

.

+

.

Oxytropis tatarica

.

.

.

2

.

.

+

.

.

Stipa subsessiliflora

.

.

.

+

1

.

.

.

.

Artemisia stricta

.

.

.

+

.

.

.

+

.

Elymus nutans

.

.

.

.

1

1

.

.

.

Poa attenuata v. dahurica

.

.

.

.

1

.

.

.

2

Astragalus strictus

.

.

.

.

+

.

.

+

.

Dracocephalum tanguticum


.

.

.

.

.

3

.

.

1

Stellera chamaejasme

.

.

.

.

.

2

+

.

.

Poa albertii ssp. albertii

.

.

.

.

.

+

.

.

1

Euphorbia sp. indet. (03-088-17)

.

.

.

.

.

.

+

.

+

Piptatherum laterale

.

.

.

.

.

1

+

.

2

Onosma hookeri


.

.

.

.

.

+

1

.

1



Coloured species : common grazing indicators in upper montane replacement communities of juniper scrub and forest in the Yarlung Tsangbo catchment.

Cover of other species in records 1 to 9:
Kobresia littledalei 1: 2; Poa albertii ssp. poophagorum 1: 1; Cortiella caespitosa 1: +; Androsace graminifolia 1: +; Poa glauca x hylobates 1: +; Potentilla saundersiana 1: +; Kobresia robusta 2: +; Saussurea andryaloides 3: 5; Salsola monoptera 3: +; Kobresia prainii 4: 2; Carex moorcroftii 5: 5; Lomatogonium brachyantherum 5: 1; Leymus secalinus v. tenuis 5: +; Lagotis brachystachya 5: +; Gentiana prostrata v. karelinii 5: +; Trisetum spicatum ssp. spicatum 5: +; Silene caespitella 6: +; Tanacetum tatsienense 6: +; Allium przewalskianum 6: +; Poa asperifolia 6: +; Viola kunawurensis 6: r; Delphinium caeruleum 6: r; Dontostemon glandulosus 7: +; Orinus thoroldii 8: +; Sibbaldianthe adpressa 8: +; Delphinium gyalanum 9: 8; Silene gonosperma s.l. 9: 1; Astragalus monbeigii 9: 1; Polygonum tortuosum 9: +.

Location of the records:
1: 2° exposed alpine steppe on sandy pediment, herb layer 25%, 4770m a.s.l., 29°24'N/ 85°33'E

2: Level forb-rich steppe on lake terrace, herb layer 20%, 4646m a.s.l., 30°43'N/ 86°35'E

3: 3° exposed forb-rich steppe on lake terrace, herb layer 20%, 4613m a.s.l., 30°43'N/ 86°35'E

4: Level alpine steppe on deflation ground of lake terrace, herb layer 25%, 4750m a.s.l., 30°35'N/ 86°30'E

5: Level Carex moorcroftii-Stipa purpurea steppe on clayey lake sediments, herb layer 15%, 4644m a.s.l., 30°38'N/ 86°36'E

6: 35° exposed forb-rich steppe on S-facing limestone scree, herb layer 25%, 4775m a.s.l., 30°34'N/ 86°40'E

7: 30° exposed forb-rich steppe on SW-facing scree, herb layer 30%, 4765m a.s.l., 30°35'N/ 86°39'E

8: Level Carex-Artemisia steppe pasture on lake terrace, herb layer 30%, 4590m a.s.l., 30°43'N/ 86°35'E



9: 34° exposed forb-rich steppe on SSW-facing scree, herb layer 30%, 4775m a.s.l., 30°35'N/ 86°39'E


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