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Diversification of the mammalian placenta associated with changes in the pace of life


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DIVERSIFICATION OF THE MAMMALIAN PLACENTA ASSOCIATED WITH CHANGES IN THE PACE OF LIFE

Michael Garratt, Jean-Michel Gaillard, Robert C Brooks & Jean-François Lemaître.

Table S4: List of all species (n = 160) included in our analysis and associated placenta data. * means that reference for the placenta of that species could only be found on the genus level and ** means that reference for the placenta of that species could only be found on the family level.


Species

Invasiveness

Interdigitation

Interdigitation fine scale

References

Cheetah**

Acinonyx jubatus

Endotheliochorial

labyinthine




[1]

African clawless otter*

Aonyx capensis

Endotheliochorial

labyinthine




[2]

Brown für seal

Arctocephalus pusillus

Endotheliochorial

labyinthine




[1]

Northern für seal

Callorhinus ursinus

Endotheliochorial

labyinthine




[2]

Merriam's kangaroo rat

Dipodomys merriami

Endotheliochorial

labyinthine




[3, 4]

Ord's kangaroo rat

Dipodomys ordii

Endotheliochorial

labyinthine




[3, 4]

Panamint kangaroo rat

Dipodomys panamintinus

Endotheliochorial

labyinthine




[3]

Banner-tailed kangaroo rat*

Dipodomys spectabilis

Endotheliochorial

labyinthine




[3, 4]

Asian elephant

Elephas maximus

Endotheliochorial

labyinthine




[2]

Sea otter

Enhydra lutris

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[2]

Wolverine

Gulo gulo

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[5]

Leopard seal

Hydrurga leptonyx

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[6]

Weddell seal

Leptonychotes weddellii

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[7] cited in [1]

Crabeater seal

Lobodon carcinophagus

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[6]

African elephant

Loxodonta africana

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[2]

Bobcat

Lynx rufus

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[1]

Striped skunk**

Mephitis mephitis

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[8]

Dark kangaroo mouse*

Microdipodops megacephalus

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[1]

European polecat

Mustela putorius

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[9]

American mink

Mustela vison

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[10]

Lion

Panthera leo

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[2]

Tiger

Panthera tigris

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[2]

Asian palm civet

Paradoxurus hermaphroditus

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[11] cited in [1]

Common treeshrew

Tupaia glis

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[12]

Long-footed treeshrew

Tupaia longipes

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[12]

Black bear

Ursus americanus

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[13]

Grizzly bear

Ursus arctos

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[14]

Polar bear

Ursus maritimus

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[15]

Malabar large-spotted civet*

Viverra civettina

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[16] cited in [1]

Red fox*

Vulpes vulpes

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[17]

California sea lion

Zalophus californianus

Endotheliochorial

labyrinthine




[2]

Tagua

Catagonus wagneri

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Folded

[2]

White rhinoceros

Ceratotherium simum

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[18]

Beluga

Delphinapterus leucas

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[2]

Black rhinoceros

Diceros bicornis

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[18]

Donkey

Equus asinus

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[19]

Grant’s zebra

Equus burchellii

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[20]

Feral horse

Equus caballus

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[19]

Grévy's zebra

Equus grevyi

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[2]

Kiang

Equus kiang

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[2]

Amazon river dolphin

Inia geoffrensis

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[21]

Killer whale

Orcinus orca

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[2]

Warthog

Phacochoerus africanus

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Folded

[2]

Harbour porpoise

Phocoena phocoena

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[22]

South asian river dolphin

Platanista gangetica

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[23]

Indus river dolphin

Platanista minor

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[23]

Indian rhinoceros

Rhinoceros unicornis

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[18]

Wild Boar

Sus scrofa

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Folded

[24]

Malayan tapir

Tapirus indicus

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[2]

South american tapir*

Tapirus terrestris

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[2]

Common bottlenose dolphin

Tursiops truncatus

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[25]

Impala

Aepyceros melampus

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[2, 26]

Moose

Alces alces

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[27] cited by [2]

Pronghorn

Antilocapra americana

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[28]

Alpine ibex

Capra ibex

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[2]

Roe deer - checked

Capreolus capreolus

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[29]

Red deer

Cervus elaphus

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[29]

Eld's deer

Cervus eldii

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[2]

Sika deer

Cervus nippon

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[29]

Javan rusa

Cervus timorensis

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[2]

Sambar

Cervus unicolor

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[2]

Fallow deer

Dama dama

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[29]

Topi

Damaliscus lunatus

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[2]

Aye-aye

Daubentonia madagascariensis

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[2]

Tufted deer

Elaphodus cephalophus

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[2]

Père david's deer

Elaphurus davidianus

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[30]

Himalayan tahr

Hemitragus jemlahicus

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[2]

Water deer

Hydropotes inermis

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[31]

Indri**

Indri indri

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[1]

Defassa waterbuck

Kobus ellipsiprymnus

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[2]

Ugandan kob

Kobus kob

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[2]

Ring-tailed lemur

Lemur catta

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[2]

Red slender loris

Loris tardigradus

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[2]

White-tailed deer

Odocoileus virginianus

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[32]

Okapi

Okapia johnstoni

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[2]

Soay sheep

Ovis aries

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[1, 33]

Dall mountain sheep

Ovis dalli

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[1, 33]

Collared peccary

Pecari tajacu

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Folded

[34]

Sifaka

Propithecus verreauxi

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[2]

Reindeer

Rangifer tarandus

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[29]

Eastern mole

Scalopus aquaticus

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Diffuse

[35]

African buffalo

Syncerus caffer

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[2]

Greater kudu

Tragelaphus strepsiceros

Epitheliochorial

Villous

Placentomes

[2]

Cairo spiny mouse

Acomys cahirinus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[36]

White-tailed antelope squirrel**

Ammospermophilus leucurus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1]

Large vesper mouse

Calomys callosus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[37]

North american beaver

Castor canadensis

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1, 2, 38]

Guinea pig

Cavia porcellus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1, 39, 40]

Long-tailed chinchilla

Chinchilla lanigera

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[41]

Bank vole**

Myodes glareolus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1]

Red-backed vole**

Clethrionomys rutilus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1]

Spotted hyena

Crocuta crocuta

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[40]

Common gundi

Ctenodactylus gundi

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[42]

Black-tailed prairie dog

Cynomys ludovicianus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1]

Brazilian agouti

Dasyprocta leporina

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[43]

Lesser hedgehog tenrec

Echinops telfairi

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[44]

Eastern rock elephant shrew

Elephantulus myurus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[45]

Rufous elephant shrew

Elephantulus rufescens

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[46]

North american porcupine

Erethizon dorsatum

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[2, 47]

Hedgehog

Erinaceus europaeus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[48]

Northern palm squirrel

Funambulus pennantii

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1]

Common yellow-toothed cavy*

Galea musteloides

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1]

Plains pocket gopher

Geomys bursarius

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1, 49]

Southern flying squirrel

Glaucomys volans

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1]

Yellow-spotted rock hyrax

Heterohyrax brucei

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[50]

Capybara

Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[51, 52]

Cape Porcupine

Hystrix africaeaustralis

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[53]

Lesser egyptian jerboa

Jaculus jaculus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[54]

Plains viscacha

Lagostomus maximus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[2, 55]

Yellow-bellied marmot

Marmota flaviventris

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1]

Groundhog

Marmota monax

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1]

House mouse

Mus musculus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[2, 56]

Coypu

Myocastor coypus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[2, 57]

American Pika

Ochotona princeps

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[58]

Rabbit

Oryctolagus cuniculus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[59]

Great basin pocket mouse*

Perognathus parvus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[60]

White-footed mouse

Peromyscus maniculatus

Hemochorial

Layrinthine




[61]

Djungarian hamster*

Phodopus sungorus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[2]

Rock hyrax

Procavia capensis

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[50]

Brown rat

Rattus norvegicus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[62]

Gray squirrel

Sciurus carolinensis

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1]

Fox squirrel

Sciurus niger

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1]

Red squirrel

Sciurus vulgaris

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1]

Greater hedgehog tenrec

Setifer setosus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[63] cited in [64]

European ground squirrel**

Spermophilus citellus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1]

Franklin's ground squirrel

Spermophilus franklinii

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1]

Golden-mantled ground squirrel**

Spermophilus lateralis

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1]

Richardson's ground squirrel

Spermophilus richardsonii

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1]

Thirteen-lined ground squirrel

Spermophilus tridecemlineatus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1, 65]

Yellow-pine chipmunk*

Tamias amoenus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1, 62]

Colorado chipmunk

Tamias quadrivittatus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1, 62]

Eastern chipmunk*

Tamias striatus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1, 62]

American red squirrel

Tamiasciurus hudsonicus

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[1]

Meadow jumping mouse

Zapus hudsonius

Hemochorial

Labyrinthine




[42, 54]

Common marmoset

Callithrix jacchus

Hemochorial

Trabecular




[66]

White-fronted capuchin

Cebus albifrons

Hemochorial

Trabecular




[2]

Capuchin

Cebus capucinus

Hemochorial

Trabecular




[2]

Big hairy armadillo

Chaetophractus villosus

Hemochorial

Villous (sometimes considered trabecular)

[62]

Nine-banded armadillo

Dasypus novemcinctus

Hemochorial

Villous (sometimes considered trabecular)

[2, 40, 62]

Patas monkeys

Erythrocebus patas

Hemochorial

Villous




[2]

Golden lion tamarin

Leontopithecus rosalia

Hemochorial

Trabecular




[2]

Japanese macaque*

Macaca fuscata

Hemochorial

Villous




[2, 67, 68]

Rhesus macaque

Macaca mulatta

Hemochorial

Villous




[2, 68, 69]

Pig-tailed macaque*

Macaca nemestrina

Hemochorial

Villous




[2, 67, 68]

Lion-tailed macaque*

Macaca silenus

Hemochorial

Villous




[2, 67, 68]

Mandrill

Mandrillus sphinx

Hemochorial

Villous




[2]

Talapoin

Miopithecus talapoin

Hemochorial

Villous




[2]

Proboscis monkey

Nasalis larvatus

Hemochorial

Villous




[70]

Baboon

Papio hamadryas

Hemochorial

Villous (sometimes considered trabecular)

[71]

Geoffroy's tamarin*

Saguinus geoffroyi

Hemochorial

Trabecular




[72]

Common squirrel monkey

Saimiri sciureus

Hemochorial

Trabecular




[2]

Northern plains gray langur

Semnopithecus entellus

Hemochorial

Villous




[2]

Southern tamandua

Tamandua tetradactyla

Hemochorial

Trabecular




[2]

Tarsier

Tarsius spectrum

Hemochorial

Trabecular




[1, 73]

François' langur

Trachypithecus francoisi

Hemochorial

Villous




[2]

Dusky leaf monkey

Trachypithecus obscurus

Hemochorial

Villous




[74]

Gorilla

Gorilla gorilla

Hemochorial

Villous




[2, 75]

Bonobo

Pan paniscus

Hemochorial

Villous




[2]

Chimpanzee

Pan troglodytes

Hemochorial

Villous




[2, 75]

Bornean orangutan

Pongo pygmaeus

Hemochorial

Villous

 

[2, 76]


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