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Anthropology Primates Test


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Anthropology Primates Test
Multiple choice. Write all answers on the answer sheet


  1. The group of catarrhines that includes both apes and humans is called _____.

    1. Hominoids

    2. Hominids

    3. Hylobates

    4. Tarsiers

    5. None of the above




  1. The family of hominoids that includes gibbons and siamangs is called _____.

    1. Great apes

    2. Hominids

    3. Hylobates

    4. Tarsiers

    5. None of the above




  1. The group of hominoids consisting of humans and their direct descendants are called _____.

    1. Platyrrhines

    2. Prosimians

    3. Hominids

    4. Catarrhines

    5. None of the above




  1. The lifelong mating of a male and a female primate is called _____.

    1. Diogamy

    2. Monogamy

    3. Polyandry

    4. Polygyny

    5. Polygamy




  1. The mating of one female primate with many males is called _____.

    1. Monogamy

    2. Polyandry

    3. Polygyny

    4. Polygamy

    5. B & C




  1. The mating of one male primate with many females is called _____.

    1. Monogamy

    2. Polyandry

    3. Polygyny

    4. Polygamy

    5. C & D




  1. The Hominoids whose members include both the living and extinct apes is called _____.

    1. A. Platyrrhines

    2. Catarrhines

    3. Parapithecids

    4. Pongids

    5. B & C




  1. The trophic level of most primates is _____.

    1. Carnivores

    2. Herbivores

    3. Omnivores

    4. Insectivores

    5. None of the above




  1. The _____ suborder includes humans, apes, and monkeys.

    1. Anthropoid

    2. Cercopithecoid

    3. Haplorhine

    4. Prosimian

    5. Strepsirhine




  1. Primate arboreal locomotion is primarily _____.

    1. Bipedal

    2. Brachiating

    3. Vertical clinging and leaping

    4. B & C

    5. A & B


Fill in the blank. Use the appropriate vocabulary to complete each statement.



  1. An organism that is active during the day is

  2. An organism that is active during the night is

  3. A heterotroph that eats only plants is called

  4. A heterotroph that eats only meat is called

  5. A primate hand or tail which grasps is called

  6. The study of primates is

  7. A thumb that can touch the tips of all the other fingers is said to be

  8. This type of primate locomotion occurs when the weight of the upper part of the body is supported

on the thickly padded knuckles of the hands

  1. A marked difference in size and appearance between males and females of a species is called

20. The length of time a young primate is dependent on an adult is called

21. The center of speech and other higher mental activities is called

22. Callouses on the bottoms of Cercopithecine monkeys are called

23. Primates have two eyes facing forward which gives them this type of vision

24. The locomotion of a primate that walks on all four limbs is called

25. Pre-monkeys are called


Matching. Place the letter that matches the description in the blank on the answer sheet.


  1. Cebids

  2. Cercopithecines

  3. Chimpanzees

  4. Colobines

  5. Gibbons

  6. Gorillas

  7. Lemurs, Indris, Aye-ayes

  8. Lorises, bushbabies

  9. Marmosets

  10. Miocene apes

  11. Orangutans

  12. Siamangs

  13. Tamarins

  14. Tarsiers

26. Gigantopithecus is an example

27. The only nocturnal primate found on the islands of the Philippines and Indonesia that are carnivores

28. The dominant male silverback _____ has a harem with many females

29. Indigenous to Madagascar; Family: Lemuridae

30. New world monkey with thumbs that cannot grip against the fingers

31. From the genus Pan; Uses tools such as leaves for personal hygiene or drinking water

32. Family : Galagonidae

33. Old world monkey, Species: mitis or hamlyni

34. Owl faced or Blue monkey, Family: Cerpithecinae

35. Name means a grotesque figure or ugly little boy

36. Family: Hylobatidae

37. Found only on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra and the heaviest arboreal primates

38. Mother Primates which allow other group members to care for infants shortly after birth

39. Family: Tarsioidae

40. Name means “Dwells in trees” and live in Malaysia, Indonesia, and Sumatra

41. New world monkeys from the genera: Callithrix and Cebuella

42. Have glands on feet for marking territory; Family: Indriidae

43. Genus: Nycticebus; tend to be vertical leapers

44. Have ability to learn sign language

45. New world monkeys which are preyed on by ocelots and jaguars; communicate by urinating on themselves and rubbing a tree

46. Average adult male eats 50 lbs of food per day; have unique nose prints

47. Lived 24 million to 5.2 million years ago, now extinct

48. Have claws instead of fingernails

49. Largest of the extant (Still living) apes

50. Actively hunt other larger animals

Anthropology Primates Test Answer Sheet



  1. _____ 26. _____

  2. _____ 27. _____

  3. _____ 28. _____

  4. _____ 29. _____

  5. _____ 30. _____

  6. _____ 31. _____

  7. _____ 32. _____

  8. _____ 33. _____

  9. _____ 34. _____

  10. _____ 35. _____

11. ______________________________ 36. _____

12. ______________________________ 37. _____

13. ______________________________ 38. _____

14. ______________________________ 39. _____

15. ______________________________ 40. _____

16. ______________________________ 41. _____

17. ______________________________ 42. _____

18. ______________________________ 43. _____

19. ______________________________ 44. _____

20. ______________________________ 45. _____

21. ______________________________ 46. _____

22. ______________________________ 47. _____

23. ______________________________ 48. _____



24. ______________________________ 49. _____

25. ______________________________ 50. _____


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